Islamic Voice
Safar 1422H
May 2001
Volume 15-05 No:173

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The Mountains of Makkah

The Mountains of Makkah

Rafiq Pasha

Al-Nour Mountain

Makkah is the holiest city on the Earth for Muslims. It is the city where the Prophet (Pbuh) and several of his noble companions were born. The City was originally inhabited by Prophet Abraham (Pbuh) and his son Prophet Ismael (Pbuh). Makkah lies in the mountainous region and the Grand Mosque of Harem is ringed by plenty of mountains. The roads in Makkah are zigzag and go up and down which in itself is an indication that the city is situated on a hilly terrain.

Mountains of Makkah were named either based on Islamic and historical significance or sometimes after the people dwelling there.

Al-Kaabah mountain is 1,116 feet high and lies northwest of Holy Haram in Al-Bab district. When the Holy Kaabah was rebuilt in 1,039 AH the stones for construction were carved out of this mountain and hence it got the name Kaabah mountain.

The 1,312 feet high Al-Saydah mountain is named after Al-Saydah Khadeejah (wife of Holy Prophet (Pbuh). This mountain is to the north of Holy Kaabah in Al-Hujoun district. Khadeejah was buried in Al-Milah cemetery which is located at the foot of this mountain and thus the mountain got the name Al-Saydah.

Thour MountainThe Islamic savants say that Abu Qubais was the first mountain to be created. It is 1,512 feet tall and it is very steep towards east and southeast. It lies east of Grand Mosque and overlooks the Al-Safa Mountains. Regarding the name of this mountain there are two versions by the historians. A few of them claim that the mountain was named after a native Abu Qubais, the first man to build a tomb on top of it. Other schools of thought presume that prophet Adam (Pbuh) gave it this name. However this mountain got prominence because of Bilal Al-Habashi’s mosque on top of it.

Al-Nour mountain is 2,106 feet high and has an area of 5 sq. km. It is on Northeast of Kaabah. It is well-known fact that the Prophet (Pbuh) used to pray to Allah on this mountain even before the revelation. So it was named Al-Nour (light) after the light of the prophethood. The famous Hira cave is located on this mountain and it is here the Prophet got the first revelation.

During the early days of Islam the infidels of Makkah had planned to kill the Prophet. But the Prophet along with his companion Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq hid in the caves of Thour mountains. Later from here they secretly migrated to Madinah. Some history books say that this mountain was named after Thour Bin Abd Munaf who lived in it. Some intellectuals maintain that it looks like an ox (Thour) hence the name. This mountain has 10 round peaks and it is 2,543 feet high and has an area of 10 sq kms. Either way the name has no link with the incidence revolving around it.

In Al-Misfalah district there is 1,293 feet tall mountain called Omar mountain. It is one of the densely populated mountains. It was named after Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab.

Al-Rahma MountainJust a little distance away from the famous Janat-ul-Mala cemetery there is Jinnat mosque on top of a hillock. It is believed by the locals that ‘jinns’ built this mosque after accepting Islam. This was during the period of Prophet (Pbuh). With time the old building has given place to a new one.

At the edge of Arafat grounds there is Al-Rahma mountain. It is believed that Prophet Adam (Pbuh) and Eve met here for the first time on Earth. However Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) visited this place only once in his life time. There are many more mountains with different tales and names around Makkah.

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