Islamic Voice A Monthly English Magazine
Shawwal / Dhu'l-Qa'dah 1423 H
January 2003
Volume 16-01 No : 193
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How the Noble Prophet Muhammad(Pbuh) Conducted the Hajj?

How the Noble Prophet Muhammad(Pbuh) Conducted the Hajj?

This is a translation of the detailed report of the Prophet's (Pbuh) pilgrimage as given by Jabir Ibn Abdullah, one of his young companions on whose authority a large number of the Noble Prophet's (Pbuh) pronouncements are transmitted by the most authentic of compilers. This report forms the basis of many of the ruling and opinions given by the different schools of thought with regard to pilgrimage and its practices and duties.

(Courtesy-Muslim World League Journal)

Madinah“Allah’s Messenger, peace be on him, stayed (in Madinah) nine years without offering the pilgrimage. In his tenth year in Madinah, it was announced to all people that Allah’s Messenger will offer the pilgrimage. Many people flocked to Madinah seeking to follow the guidance of Allah’s messenger and to do like him.

“We went out with him until we arrived at Dhul-Hulaifah. The Prophet (Pbuh) offered his prayers at the Mosque there and mounted his she -camel, Al-Qaswa, when his she-camel was well into the desert, I looked up and saw all around me people walking on foot, or riding animals, accompanying him. I could not see the end of them either in front or on the right or on the left or in the rear.

The Prophet (Pbuh) was with us, receiving Qur’anic revelations, the interpretation of which he knew very well. Whatever he did, we did likewise. He raised his voice with phrases stressing Allah’s unity; “Labbaik Al-lahumma Labbaik, Labbaik Laa shareek Laka Labbaik. Innal-hamda wannimata laka walmulk. Laa shareeka lak.” People-raised their voices with whatever praises they wished to repeat, and the Prophet (Pbuh) did not take exception to any of it. He however, maintained his own mode of “Talbiah.”

“We did not intend to do anything other than pilgrimage. We know nothing about Umrah. When we arrived at the House with the Prophet (Pbuh), he touched the corner (kissed the Black Stone) then he moved in a jogging movement for three rounds and walked the other four. He then went to Maqam Ibrahim and recited “Do pray at Maqam Ibrahim”. He stood with the Maqam between him and the House (the Ka’bah). In his two rak’ahs he read Surah: “al-lkhlas” and Surah: “Al-Kafiroon”. He then returned to the corner (of the Ka’bah, where the Black Stone is) and kissed it.

He then left through the door nearer to the hill of Safa. When he approached Safa he read: “Safa and Marwah are two places which Allah has made sacred.” He also said: “I start with the one with which Allah has started.” He went first to Safa and climbed up until he could see the Ka’bah. He turned his face toward the Qiblah and declared Allah’s unity and glorified Him. He then said: “There is no deity except Allah. He has no partners, to Him belongs the Kingdom as well as all praise. He is able to do everything. There is no deity except Allah. He has fulfilled His promise, given victory to His servant and has defeated the confederates on His own.”

This refers to the defeat of the allied forces of disbelievers when they were not fought by any human forces. He also prayed to Allah. He repeated these phrases three times, then descended towards Marwah. When he was at the bottom of the valley (marked now a days with the two green marks) he started running. When we were again climbing up he walked. When he arrived at Marwah he did there the same as he had done at Safa.

He finished his Sa’ei at Marwah, and then said: “Were I to start anew I would not have brought my sacrificial animals with me, and would have started with Umrah. Whoever, of you has not brought his sacrificial animal with him should release himself from Ihram and make this an Umrah”. Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Jushum stood up and said “Messenger of Allah, does this apply to this year only or for every year? The Prophet (Pbuh) put his two hands together with his fingers intercrossing with one another and said: “The Umrah has inte-rmingled with pilgrimage.” He repeated that twice and said: “Indeed, till the end of time.”

Ali (ibn Abu Talib) came with the sacrificial animals (cows and camels) which belonged to the Prophet (Pbuh) from Yemen.

“The sacrificial animals that Ali brought with him from Yemen and which the Prophet (Pbuh) brought with him as well numbered one hundred. All people released themselves from Ihram and shortened their hairs except the Prophet (Pbuh), and those who had their sacrificial animals with them. On the Day of Tarwiyah (the 8th of Dhul-Hajjah) they proceeded to Mina resolving to do the pilgrimage. The Prophet (Pbuh) mounted (his she-camel) and prayed at Mina the prayers of Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha and Fajr (meaning that he stayed all day and through the night). He stayed on until after sunrise. He ordered that a dome made of animal hair be erected for him at Namirah (in Arafat).

The Prophet (Pbuh) then proceeded. The Quraish people were certain that he would stop at Al-Mash’ar al-Haram (in Muzdalifah) in the same way as Quraish used to do before Islam. The Prophet (Pbuh), however, proceeded until he came to the dome which was erected for him at Namirah and dismounted there. When it was midday he ordered that his she-camel, Al-Qaswa, be prepared for him and proceeded to the middle of the valley (of Arafat).

He addressed the people and said: “Your blood and your properties are forbidden among you in the same degree of sanctity as this day in this month, in this city. Everything which belonged to ignorance is hereby forgiven. The first (victim) whose blood I forgive from among our own people is Ibn Rabiaah ibn al-Harith (the Prophet’s (Pbuh) own cousin).

Fear Allah in (your treatment of) women. You have taken them on to yourselves with peace from Allah’s word.” He continued his speech until he said: “They have a right against you to provide for them and to dress them with what is reasonable. I left with you Allah’s book. If you hold fast to it you will never go stray. You will be asked about me. What will you say?” They said: “We declare that you have given sound counsel. He pointed with his forefinger raising it to the sky and pointing it to the people said: “My Lord, bear witness” (He repeated that three times).

He then said the adhan (the call to prayers) and followed it by iqamah and prayed Zuhr. He then said another iqamah and prayed Asr. He did not pray any Sunnah between them. He then mounted his she-camel until he arrived at the place where he stood. He put his she-camel against the large rocks and turned towards those who were walking, facing the qiblah.

He remained in attendance at Arafat until the sun had set and a little yellowness appeared and the whole of the round shape of the sun had completely disappeared. He carried Ussamah behind him on his camel and moved onward pulling the rein of his she-camel, Al-Qaswa, right back, to the extent that her head could touch his saddle. He motioned with his right hand and said: “Be calm, be calm.”

When he arrived at Muzdalifah he prayed there the two prayers of Maghrib and Isha with one Azan and two iqamahs. He did not separate the two prayers with any glorification of Allah. He then prayed Fajr or dawn prayers, when he was sure that it was time for it. Adhan and iqamah were said before that prayer.

He then mounted Al-Qaswa and moved on until he arrived at al-Mash’ar al-Haram and facing the Qiblah, he prayed Allah, glorified Him and repeated phrases of Allah’s unity and declarations that he believed in no god other than Allah until the light of day was very bright. He then moved forward before sunrise.

The Prophet (Pbuh) took on al-Fadhlibn Abbas behind him on his she-camel. Al-Fadhl was a man of fine hair, fair complexion and generally smart. When the Prophet (Pbuh) moved on he came across some women riding on their camels and moving fast. Al-Fadhl gazed at them as the Prophet (Pbuh) put his hand on Al-Fadhl’s face. Al-Fadhl then turned his face the other way and gazed at the women. The Prophet (Pbuh) put his hand again from the other side to turn Al-Fadhl’s face away from the women.

When he arrived at Muhassar Valley he increased his speed a little and proceeded along the middle road (which differed from the one he used on his way to Arafat) which led to the Grand Jamrah which is by the tree where he did the stoning. He threw at it seven little stones and each time he threw a stone, he said: “Allahu Akbar” or Allah is the Greatest. When he did his stoning he stood at the bottom of the valley (so that Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifa were on his right hand side and Makkah was to his left).

He then went to the slaughter place where, with his own hand, he sacrificed sixty-three animals and asked Ali to slaughter the rest. Ali did that, and the Prophet (Pbuh) made Ali his partner in all the sacrificial animals. He ordered that a small piece of meat be taken from each animal he sacrificed and they were all put in a large saucepan to cook. When it was ready, the Prophet (Pbuh) and Ali had some soup and ate of the meat of that cooking.

The Prophet (Pbuh) then mounted his she-camel and went straight on to Makkah. Arriving at the Sacred Mosque he did the tawaf of ifaadah and prayed Zuhr at Makkah. He then went towards Zamzam, where members of the clan of Abdul Muttalib (the Prophet’s (Pbuh) own clan) were serving people, getting the water from the well of Zamzam to give a drink of its water to anyone who cared to have one. The Prophet (Pbuh) said to his tribesmen: “Bani Abdul Muttalib is working hard at providing Zamzam for the people. I would have joined you in your service if it was not for fear that people would overpower you to do this service.” (This means that the Prophet (Pbuh) feared that people would think that giving water to other pilgrims is one of the rituals of pilgrimage and there will be a great deal of contention over it). They gave him a bucket of water and he drank from it.


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