The Prophet (Pbuh) said: that as soon as the sun sank in the West and darkness prevailed on the eastern horizon, it was the proper time for breaking the fast, and we should not cause unnecessary delay in doing so.
The Prophet (Pbuh) said:" The people will continue to prosper as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast".
Prayer at the time of Iftar :
" O Allah! it is for thee that I observe fast and it is with Thine blessings that I break it".
Do arrange Iftar Parties : This act entails a high reward. The Prophet (Pbuh) said :
" Any man who supplies meal to a fasting person to perform Iftar Allah shall pardon his sins in reward for this act and grant him salvation from Hell-Fire. The man who supplies meal for Iftar to a fasting person will receive an equal reward with him. The reward of the fasting person will not, however be curtailed".
The people asked the Prophet (Pbuh) where shall all of us find money to make provision for the Iftar of a fasting person, and to feed him.
The Prophet (Pbuh) said : "It is enough to feed a fasting person at Iftar with a date or some quantity of milk or even to supply him a single glass of water for Iftar".
Things which do not break the fast:
1. The using of Miswak.
2. To take bath during the day or to pour water, over head due to the pang of summer heat.
3. To smell perfume.
4. To apply Surmah (Kohl) in the eyes, or oil to the hair.
5. To eat or drink in forgetfulness.
6. To inhale a fly or smoke or dust without one's will or intention.
7. To pour water into the ear unintentionally.
8. To vomit unintentionally, but should not be swallowed back.
9. To swallow saliva or phlegm.
10. To gargle or take water in the nose, while performing ablution (wadu), but care should be taken that no part of water enters the throat.
11. To kiss one's wife. It is sexual intercourse which is prohibited during fast. One is allowed to kiss one's wife, provided one is sure that one would not yield to sexual lust.
12. To take out blood from the body for treatment.
13. To have a wet dream in the day.
14. Where one is in need of a Ghusl (bath) due to a wet dream or intercourse during the night, and did not perform bath before Subh Saadiq (dawn).
Things which breaks the Fast:
These are of two types:
I. The things which break the fast for which only compensatory fasts are to be kept:
1) Vomiting: To vomit intentionally or during vomiting a part of it is swallowed back the fast is broken. A person should compensate by fasting later (for one broken fast, he should later observe one compensatory fast)
2) To take Sehri after Subh Saadiq (dawn) thinking it is still night time, or by mistakenly breaking fast before Iftar timing thinking that the sun has set. Even then the fast is broken and compensatory fast for one day should be observed later.
3) Menses : If during the day of fasting a woman gets her menses, the fast is broken and she must later compensate by observing a fast.
4) Having intention of breaking the fast: The fast begins with the intention and ends with the intention. So during the day if one makes up his mind that he has intent of breaking the fast, then the fast is broken and one should compensate by observing a days fast later.
5) To swallow such things that are not normally eaten. Eg: wood, coin, rawmeat etc., the fast is then broken and one should compensate by observing a days fast later.
II. Things which break the fast: for which recompensatory fasts becomes due, i.e. setting a slave free or keeping fasts for sixty days without a break or feeding sixty persons.
i) if one has sexual intercourse with his wife during the day of fasting, the fast is broken. The required compensation in this case is to free a slave, since slavery is no longer in existence we move on to the next stage, namely, to fast for two consecutive months. This means that fasting must be observed by the person concerned for sixty days without intermission. Even if he fasts for 58 days consecutively and breaks his fast the following day for any reason he must start a new. His 58 days of fasting is no longer counted (exception is given to women to continue after menses). If the person concerned is unable to fast for health reasons, he may move to the next alternative which is to feed sixty poor people, two meal each of the same standard as he himself eats normally.
These three forms of compensation must be taken by an order of preference. They are not given as three alternatives to choose from. Such a compensation is definitely required from the man who violates his fasting by having sexual intercourse during the day of fasting.
The wife in question must also do the same if she responds willingly to her husband when he proposes intercourse or if she was the one who led him into it. If her husband had forced her to have intercourse with him, she only needs to compensate for breaking her fast by fasting one day extra.
ii) If one intentionally eats and drinks during the day of fast, the fast is broken. According to Imam Abu Hanifa, the person is required to compensate by setting a slave free or to observe fasts for two consecutive months or to feed sixty poor people.