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OCTOBER 2000

MONTHLY    *    Vol 14-10 No:166    *   OCTOBER 2000 / RAJJAB 1421H
  email: editor@islamicvoice.com

OUR DIALOGUE

S. Abdullah Tariq


Different Muslim Sects, Why?
Can we present Quran to non-Muslim?
Remarriage
Ahamadiyya Sect
Earning from Internet Centre
Ecological Balance
Nail Polish, Heena, and Washing Hair
Islamic Advice

Different Muslim Sects, Why?

Q. Why do people of this modern world change the religions? I was living in Dubai for about 16 years. When I came to India I found here different Muslims like Sunni, Wahabi, Labai, Navati. I can’t understand if Islam is one religion then why are they splitting up?

(Akbar Sharif ; akbar316@bolt.com)

(Akbar Sharif ; akbar316@bolt.com)

A. In Islam, sectarianism of all forms is most undesirable. It was denounced in the Shariah of all the prophets. The holy Quran said: “The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah and which We have sent by inspiration to thee and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus: Namely that ye should remain steadfast in Religion and make no divisions therein” (42:13)

“As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.” (6:159)

The names of some of the groups among Muslims have been assigned by others. For examples those who are called Wahabis, do not call themselves so. Some other groups assign this name to them but there are others who insist on belonging to a particular sect. We must know that Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) and the four righteous Caliphs after him were neither Sunnis nor Shias. They were just Muslims. The Lord Himself has given us the name Muslim:

“It is He Who has named you Muslims both before and in this (revelation)” (22:78)

It is a tragedy that we do not find the name assigned to us by Allah sufficient without adding a prefix or suffix to it. Muslims should give a serious thought to it.

There are those who profess allegiance to a Fiq’h Imam. As the Quran has told us to obey the Ulul-Am’r (the people of authority in respective fields), there is no harm in it till the followers of one Imam do not tend to become a sect by claiming themselves alone on the right path except when they have solid arguments of Quran and Sunnah in their favour on a particular issue. Fiq’h was the codification of Law in the light of Quran and Sunnah by the learned and able scholars. Its was for the convenience and simplification of Law for the masses but unfortunately an obstinacy has crept in even some Ulema of different Fiq’h schools making these schools resembling sects. While following an Ulul-Am’r of Fiq’h we must be careful of the Quranic instructions that in case of (basic) differences (of right and wrong and not merely of preferences) among them, we have been ordained to leave all Ulul-Am’rs to the extant of disputed matter and search the solution in Quran and Sunnah alone:

“O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves (due to the differences among authorities), refer it to Allah and His Apostle if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination.” (4:59)
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Can we present Quran to non-Muslim?

  1. Q. A Christian friend has asked me for an English translation of the Quran. Will it be all right if I buy one for him? He also wants to know the rules one is supposed to observe while handling it.

  2. Why two Azaans are given for Friday prayer?

(M.I. Tian, Manipal ; Mulki)

A. 1. It is your duty to give him the Quran when he himself asks for it (if you can afford to buy one). Tell your friend that as a mark of respect he should not read Quran in a state of uncleanness that necessitates a bath. However there are different rules and codes for Muslims and Non-Muslims in many such matters. Entry of a Muslim in a mosque is prohibited in a state of uncleanness while a Non-Muslim is not required to take bath before entering a mosque even if he is unclean (junbi, in terms of Fiq’h). Christians (especially Protestants) do not care much about placing Bible at a clean place of honour so you can also point out that Quran is to be kept at a clean high place and nothing is to be kept over it. Your responsibility ends if you have mentioned the codes of respect to him. Remember the Prophet (Pbuh), wrote Quranic verses in many of his letters to the Non-Muslim kings though the chance of defilement existed and at least in one case his letter was torn and desecrated.

2. As there is larger number of namazis in a Friday prayer than in other times, the second Adhan is to alert the Namazis inside the mosque that the sermon is about to start.

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Remarriage

Q. It is said that if a Muslim needs to marry the same woman after Talaq she has to be married to another Muslim and should obtain Talaq. I would like to know the authenticity of this Islamic rule and Why?

(Arsha Ibrahim ; wdf@emirates.net.ae)

A. The rule you have heard is wrong. Ex-husband and wife can marry each other in quite a normal way after the Talaq. When the waiting period (Iddat) of the wife is passed after the Talaq of the first occasion, the divorced woman is free to marry anyone including remarriage to her first husband. It is only when three Talaqs have taken effect (on three occasions), they cannot marry each other.

The concept of what has come to be known as Halala is unlawful. Nikah is not valid if a divorce is planned beforehand. Declaration of bond of marriage for a specified period is not Nikah but adultery. There is no question of obtaining Talaq from the second man with whom the woman’s Nikah was not valid in the first instance. It is only when the divorced wife is lawfully and authentically married to a second person without any intention of divorce from either side and then at some unfortunate instant of their married life, the second husband divorces her, she may again be married to the first husband after the expiry of her waiting period. Planned Halala is Haram and the Prophet (Pbuh) has cursed the persons who make Halala or make others carry out Halala.

Narrated Abdullah Bin Masood that the Prophet (Pbuh) had cursed both the persons who marries a woman for Halala and who plans to marry her ex-wife through Halala. (Darami, Ibne Maja)

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Ahamadiyya Sect

Q. There is a satellite channel namely MTA (Muslim Television Ahamadiyya) being beamed throughout the world. They call themselves Ahamadiyya. Who are these people and what is the difference between Muslims and Ahamadiyya?

(Habeeb M Maraikayer Kaiser ; omska@emirates.net.ae)

A. Ahamadiyas are the followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani, who proclaimed prophet-hood for himself. According to mainstream Muslims, Qadiyani Ahmadiyas are not Muslims as it is one of the essentials of Islam that Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) be accepted as the last prophet of Allah after whom no new prophet would ever come. On their part, Ahmadi Fiq’h treats the mainstream Muslims as Ahle Kitaab (The people of the Book). Though they do not say so loudly and clearly but by their firm faith that belief in Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s prophet-hood is a part of Deen, they infer that all except Ahmadiyas are Non-Muslims. Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) is called ‘Khaatam-un-Nabiyyin’ (the seal of the prophets) in Quran. Ahmadiyas interpret the phrase to mean that the prophets could still come after Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) but the later prophets would get their prophet-hood by the seal (approval) of Prophet Muhammad. Interestingly, they do not accept any other prophet except Mirza Ghulam Ahmad after Prophet Muhammad though their line of argument has room for more prophets for all times to come.

The Quran had declared through its last revelation: “This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion” (5:3). Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received Divine revelations and made changes in the Shariah of Muhammad (Pbuh).

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Earning from Internet Centre

Q. I am the owner of an Internet centre. Here all types of people come and use the computers for different purposes. Many people also see pornographic material which is freely available on the Internet. Since my center is a pay-and-use facility I cannot stop them from viewing such material. My question is: Am I committing a sin by running this Internet centre? I am very much confused. Please give me a satisfactory reply.

(Habib Khan ; Madras)

A. Sikhs do not permit smoking in their restaurants. Muslims (and some Non-Muslims also) do not allow drinking in their premises. The government has provided you with phones for which they charge fees from you. It does not mean that you are permitted to use your telephone for unlawful activities. Whoever is caught using it for illegal and unlawful activities is liable for punishment. Likewise you cannot absolve yourself of the responsibility by saying that the center is a pay and use facility, if you are fully aware that it is being used by some for immoral entertainment especially when you can possibly check and stop them. You may display notices in your Internet Cafe that the Internet users are not permitted to access the pornographic sites. You may make sure by checking from time to time that the rule is enforced. Remember, you will be asked on the Day of Judgment, how you acquired your earning and remember that the Qur’an has warned: “And know ye that your possessions and your progeny are but a trial; and that it is Allah with whom lies your highest reward.” (8:28)

If you find yourself unable to check those using your computers for accessing shameful sites, while witnessing that they are being used for that purpose, your income from that business becomes unlawful.

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Ecological Balance

Q. Normally it is considered by religious minded people that proper rain is not forthcoming due to some specific big crimes. Is it not wrong and unnecessary? If the state and the individuals take the steps given out by modern science - plant more trees for rain, conserve ground water - there will be proper rains. What is the correct Islamic view?

(J.A.M. Abdul Kader, scientist, Karaikudi)

A. The religious minded people are correct. The disorder of rains is due to big crimes. The Quran has announced: “...Whatever ill afflicts you is from yourself...” (4:79)

The environmental scientists are right too. The big crime is the disturbance in the ecological balance. Plants are living things and the Qur’an had warned: “...whoever slew a being except in lieu of a being or for sedition in the earth should be looked upon as though he had killed all mankind and that whoever saved a being should be regarded as he had saved all mankind...” (5:32) When we apply the above verse to the plants, it may be deduced that they may be cut only for the survival of the mankind otherwise with the destruction of every being from the plant-life, the mankind will be heading towards destruction.

There is a communication gap between the environmental scientists and the religious people otherwise both are correct.

The environmentalists should explain it to the religious people that disturbing the ecological balance is such a big crime whose punishment is born by a large chunk of society.

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Nail Polish, Heena, and Washing Hair

  1. Q. Can a Muslim woman apply nail polish and lipstick and if yes, can Wuzu and Namaz be offered without removing them?

  2. Those Muslim women who apply Heena on their hair, can they do so during menses?

  3. Is it necessary for Muslim women to wash their hair after every intercourse? Taking bath will not suffice?

(Umar Daraz, Jodhpur)

A. 1. There is no harm in applying lipstick and nail polish. Also, there is no harm in performing Salat while wearing them.

The Fiq’h scholars decree that since water does not reach the lips and nails, while painted, you have to remove it before performing a Wuzu.

2. There is no restriction on a lady during her periods except that she should not offer Salat, keep fast, circumambulate Kaabah during Hajj, recite or touch Quran directly and make intercourse. All other acts are permitted as usual.

3. It is necessary in a bath that water should reach every part of the body including hair and nails. Washing hair is an essential part of the bath.

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Islamic Advice

Q. Does anyone have any Islamic advice on how to deal with a difficult non-Muslim co-worker? This person is always trying to make me mad. JazakAllahu Khair in advance.

(Tara c/o Quran And Sunnah [alquranwasunnah@yahoo.com])

A. “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness and says “I am of those who bow in Islam”? Nor can goodness and evil be equal. Repel (evil) with what is better: then will he between whom and thee was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate! And no one will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and self-restraint none but persons of the greatest good fortune. And if (at any time) an incitement to discord is made to thee by the evil One seek refuge in Allah. He is the One Who hears and knows all things.” (Quran 41:33-36)

The above verse of holy Quran may be one of the answers to your question. Maybe if you are more specific about your problem, the suggestion could differ.

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News from Islamic World | Community Roundup | Editorial | Reader's Comments | Viewpoint | Community Initiative | Muslim Education | Book Review | Opinion | Children's Corner | Understanding Quran | Hadith | Report | Islam and Family issues | Our Dialogue | Religion | Prophet's Medicine | Inter-Faith Dialogue | Matrimonial | Search new | Subscription | Guest Room | Previous Issue | HOME | Islamic Links | Al-Nasr Exports | Preserve Flowers

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