Shaban 1424 H
Volume 16-10 No : 202
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The Holy Quran does not name any among the men and women contemporary, who lived in the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) except Hazrath Zaid (bin Haritha) and Abu Lahab in its text. But a few like Abdullah bin Umme Maktum and Hazrath Ayesha are two companions who were fortunate enough to have verses revealed about them. About Hazrath Ayesha, the beloved wife of the Prophet, Allah revealed a verse where her chastity was sworn to. But about Hazrath Abdullah bin Umme Maktumm, a chapter narrates his plight when the Prophet showed a bit of indifference towards him in preference to the leading lights of the Quraish.
Abdullah bin Umme Maktum was related to the Prophet through his first wife Khadijah to whom he was a cousin. His father was Qais bin Zaid and mother Athika bin Abdullah. Abdullah bin Umme Maktum was born blind and hence was known as Abdullah Maktum.
Visually handicapped, Abdullah Maktum knew his limitations as far as his contributions to the Islamic movement were concerned. He therefore made it a habit to join the company of the Holy Prophet and gather as much as of Quranic verses and wisdom being disbursed by the Prophet.
One day it so happened that leaders of the Quraish were sitting around him. Among them were Uthaba bin Rabia, Sheeba bin Rabia, Amr bin Hasham, Waleed bin Mughairah and Umayyah bin Khalaf. Abdullah Maktum also joined the session and wanted the Prophet to explain a verse. The intervention was a bit nagging for the Prophet who overlooked his interest and continued his conversation with the Quraish leaders. It was nothing, but out of concern that the support for the Islamic message from the leading lights of the Quraish would be a greater boon for the budding movement.
As the session ended and the people began to disperse, the following verses of the Quran were revealed:
The Prophet frowned and turned away, because there came to him the blind man (Abdullah bin Umme Maktum). But what could tell you that perchance he might become pure from sins. Or that he might receive admonition, and that the admonition might profit him?
As for him who thinks himself self-sufficient, to you attend; What does it matter to you if he will not become pure (from disbelief, you are a messenger, your duty is to convey the message of Allah).
But as to him who came to you running. And is afraid (of Allah and his punishment)Of him you are neglectful and divert your attention to another,
Nay, (do not do like this), indeed it (these verses of the Quran) are an admonition, So whoever wills, let him pay attention to it. (ch. 53, v.1-12)
The Prophet repented this attitude and would treat Maktum with extreme respect in future interactions. Maktum was among the two companions who were dispatched to Madinah before the Prophet’s migration in order to preach the Islamic message there. He was also appointed the co-muezzin with Hazrath Bilal at the Masjid Nabawi.
The Prophet appointed Maktum as the supervisor of Madinah affairs during his absences. This was on as many as 10 occasions including the one during the conquest of Makkah.
Maktum was highly perturbed after verses of the Holy Quran admonished those who sat behind even while others participated in battles against the infidels. This became evident when a verse revealed on the Prophet said:
Those among the faithfuls who sat behind and those who participated in the jihad could not be equal.
Maktum immediately raised a query about those who are handicapped. Another verse was revealed soon after which said:
“Save those who remain behind due to certain handicaps.”
Following this, Maktum took upon himself the task of holding the standard (flag of the army) of the war. During Caliph Umar’s reign, he participated in the battle of Qadissiyah. Maktum stood holding the banner for three days when the Muslim armies finally emerged victorious. Hundreds of companions fell martyrs. Among them lay Abdullah bin Umme Maktum with the banner still held firm under his arms. May Allah be pleased with him!
(Abridged and translated by Maqbool Ahmed Siraj from Suwarum min Hayathus Sahaba authored by Dr. Abdul Rahman Rafat Pasha).
With the arrival of the Shaban moon, numerous blessings are showered upon us. Just as the initiation of rainfall begins with the “pitter patter,” such blessings reach us in the same accord and fashion.
With the beginning of Shaban, blessings are initiated which progressively escalate so that such blessings reach their peak by the end of Ramadan.
For example just as a farmer prepares for a fruitful harvest by harrowing his acreage so that the soil may readily retain water, in contrast our souls, are bestowed with peace and tranquillity preparing us for a fruitful Ramadan.
Imam Muhammad ibn Idrees Al-Shafie
Muhammad ibn Idrees, the founder of the Shafie school of thought was born in Gaza in 150 A.H. He was an Arab from Quraish, and his line of descent meets up with that of the Prophet (Pbuh), at the Prophet’s third grandfather, Abd Manaf. He moved to Makkah with his family when he was still very young, shortly after he was weaned. It was in Makkah that he received his early education. He is reported to have memorised the whole of the Quran when he was still a boy of seven years. By the time he was 10, he had memorised Al-Muwatta, the basic text of the Maliki school of thought. Muhammad Al-Shafie was still a boy of 15 when he gave rulings or fatwas in matters which were put to him. Al-Shafie’s great distinction came from his firm stand in defence of the Hadith as a basis of rulings as opposed to scholarly discretion and opinion. The two great scholars who preceded him in founding major schools of thought, Abu Haneefah and Malik gave scholarly opinion a very important position in arriving at Islamic rulings. Imam Al-Shafie objected to that, stating that there are four sources for such deduction, namely the Quran, the Sunnah, unanimity of the companions of the Prophet (Pbuh) and analogy. His great respect for Hadith is expressed in many of his statements. He said: “ If you find an opinion of mine in conflict with an authentic Hadith, then disregard my opinion totally.” He also said: “ If you find me reporting an authentic Hadith and I do not base my ruling on it, then bear witness that I am mad.”
Al-Shafie moved to Egypt in 199 A.H and lived there for the last five years of his life. Egypt is still one country where the Shafie school of thought is followed by a majority of the population.
Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) said: “ Whoever takes the money of the people with the intention of repaying it, Allah will repay it on his behalf and whoever takes it in order to spoil it, then Allah will spoil him”.
Afterwards he walked me to the car.
We passed the tree and my curiosity got the better of me. I asked him about what I had seen him do at the little tree.
“Oh, that’s my trouble tree,” he replied. “I know I can’t help having troubles on the job, but one thing’s for sure, those troubles don’t belong in the house with my wife and the children. So I just hang them up on the tree every night when I come home and ask God to take care of them. Then in the morning I pick them up again.” Funny thing is,” he smiled, “when I come out in the morning to pick them up, there aren’t nearly as many as I remember hanging up the night before.”
As the sun rises, one more page is on, page after page is filled and the count of pages is getting reduced. A few pages remaining are yet to be spilled with black ink or brighter one. The last chapter and the last page will be abruptly over with a last sink and the book you have authored is once for all safely secured without a single change of the stroke and a dot.
Have you ever paused to recall and reflect what all you have scribbled with or without awareness? All through the efforts in recording, no one has skipped even an aiota of what he intended, thought, planned, avoided and shunned, what he did and made others do. You are the sole and whole author of this book - which is your own in its entirety.
Let us pause for a while and sincerely recall and critically reflect at least a few recent pages or if memory helps recall at least a few excerpts from a few pages, you will be either shaken or astounded or happy and gay. The day, the book we authored will be with us and the Almighty and the ‘ultimate judge’ will command us to read our whole life profile,it will suffice to judge what we have been all through our life.
What sublime rejoice and mirth will be for those lucky and blessed who would receive the book they authored in their right hand and think of those. Alas, the dejected, depressed and unfortunate who would receive their blackened book in their left hand (Darkened).
“My wealth has not availed me. My power and arguments (to defend myself) have gone from me”. (It will be said) “Seize him and fetter him. “Then throw him in the blazing fire.” “Then fasten him with a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits.”
Verily, did not believe in Allah, the most merciful and beneficent. And urged not on the feeding of the poor. So no friend has he here this day (69-25,35 Quran).
To brighten the pages of book we author, we have to spare no efforts to have firm faith day of judgment. Let us not only brighten our pages only, but also help others and may only Allah’s guidance be with us in every moment of life and the last moment. Ameen
Thus - Rush towards God who is our Lord.
Let us with all sincerity of purpose reflect in the light of the Holy Quran, a few brief verses which suffice us to prompt and warn, to brighten our pages rather than blacken or darken.
That day shall you be brought to judgment, not a secret of you will be hidden or can be hidden. Then as for him who will be given his record in his right hand will say; take read my Record! “Surely I did believe that I shall be in a life well pleasing.
So he shall be in a life, well pleasing. In a high garden (of paradise)
The fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand. Eat and drink at ease for which you have sent on before you in days past (69-18,24 Quran)
But as for him, who will be given his Record in his left hand, will say : “I wish that I had not been given my Record.
“My Lord enrich my knowledge and cause not my heart to go astray after you have granted me your guidance. Grant me your mercy, for you are the most compassionate and forgiving.”
Let us ever remember there is no compulsion in Islam.
Prescribe, practice, preserve and perpetuate “God and Noble” deeds in every aspect of life and prescribe, prohibit and root out the evils and misdeeds, violence, adultery, adulteration, addiction to intoxicants, corruption and crime with the best of our abilities with credible - communication and with affinity.
(The writer is a behavioural Scientist)
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