!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Islamic Voice - SHABAN 1424 H
Islamic Voice A Monthly English Magazine

Shaban 1424 H
October 2003
Volume 16-10 No : 202
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Islam and Science


Islam and Science are Inseparable

Islam and Science are Inseparable

SCIENCISLAM.COM projects the magnitude and the merit of Islamic science



By Irfan Shahid

In the present global socio-political context, it has become imperative to project the scientific face of Islam. And that is one of the avowed purposes of the newly launched website SCIENCISLAM.COM. It is a very comprehensive and informative website which is designed to project both the magnitude and the merit of Islam’s contribution to science in the most positive and effective manner.

The very name of the site, SCIENCISLAM.COM, is reflective of the reality that science and Islam are not separate, but inseparable. As can be seen, the name has been coined by joining two words- Science and Islam with the dropping of the last ‘e’ from science. There is no conflict between science and Islam. In fact, they complement each other. Islam inspires scientific inquiry and Islamic scientists drew sustenance from Islam. The medieval Islamic scientists were the products of madrasas and mosques, and many of them were hard-core scientists and devout Muslims at the same time.

The period between the 6th century and 12th century AD was the golden age of Islam. People used to go to Baghdad and Spain to aquire knowledge of science. During that period, the Islamic universities were the main centres of learning in the world. Islam has made immense contributuion to the development of science, but it has not been properly projected.

From 200 AD to 1400 AD, reeling under the ‘Dark Ages’ of illiteracy and ignorance, Europe produced just a handful of scholars and scientists, whereas the Islamic civilization, by then, in just 800 years of its existence, had produced millions of books and thousands of scientists. The super structure of modern science was erected on the foundation laid by Islamic scientists whose works continued to be studied in Europe for many centuries. In the history of science, Islam occupies the intermediary stage between the ancient and modern science.

SCIENCISLAM.COM seeks to present the multifarious nature of Islamic science and technology through its various sections like, Islamic Scientists, Biography, Great Science Books of Islam, Inventions and Discoveries, articles on various disciplines of science, etc.

Under Inventions and Discoveries, the site informs us: that al-Farisi was the first to give an accurate description of the formation of rainbow; that Ibn Nafis was first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood 400 years before William Harvey; Ibn al-Haytham was the first to give a correct description of vision; Umar Khayyam was the first mathematician to solve the equations of third degree and above; Al-Farabi was the originator of the theory of mutual renunciation of rights in political philosophy, which was credited to the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes who appeared seven centuries later.

How many of us know that the name Algebra derives from the Arabic word ‘aljabr’ found in the title of the great book on mathematics ‘al jabr wal muqabla’ written by Al-Khwarizmi, and that algorithm originates from his name ‘al-Khwarizmi’.

Also in the field of astronomy, mathematics, medicine cartrography, architecture, philosophy, biology, etc Muslim scientists made great advances. The author of this website, Abdur Rahman Sharif, was professionally a journalist who gave up his career to devote himself fully to the study of Islamic sciences. Since 1993, his articles on the subject have appeared in the Arab World and in India. He is also the author of a book entitled- 100 Muslim Scientists.

The site offers the following sections:
Articles.
Living Evidence.
Inventions and Discov-eries.
Islamic Scientists: an ex-panding list.
Biography
Bibliography
Great Science Books of Islam.

The Living Evidence is an interesting series of articles in which the author explores various external evidences which prove the contributions made by Islam. Under this series, the author has discussed the presence of Arabic scientific words in English - he has given a list of about 100 such words ;the lunar landscapes named after Islamic scientists, and the hundreds of star names which even to this day bear Islamic / Arabic names.

In his introduction, the author has succinctly delineated the purpose of this site which is to project the contribution made by Islam to science. An appreciable aspect of the site is that it is not a teaser asking the viewer to refer to a certain article, or to buy a certain book. It provides a brief yet complete picture of a subject with an impressive bibliography.

There are two features of the site. Unlike other sites, SCIENCISLAM.COM is not a closed site, but an expanding one. Every section of the site will be expanded from time to time with new material. Probably, the most striking feature of the site is its copyright notice which is in consonance with the Islamic philosophy of knowledge.

The author writes: knowledge is the common heritage of mankind. Under this belief, I allow you to use the contents of SCIENCISLAM.COM freely to spread awareness about the scientific heritage of Islam.

The writer can be reached at shahid_irfan2002@yahoo.com

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News Community Roundup Editorial Readers Comments Muslim Community Series Amanath Bank Episode Opinion Face to Face Muslim Perspectives Colours of Harmony Islam and Science Children's Corner Quran Speaks to You Hadith Our Dialogue Zakir Naik Interview Question Hour Guide Lines Islam And Astronomy Living Islam Success Stories Islamic History Journey To Islam View Point Matrimonial
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