NEW DELHI: The BJP Government has begun to use the official media for its Goebbelesian propaganda. In a directive to the news staff of the All India Radio, the Additional Director General Mr. B. I. Saini has directed that disputed structure be used in place of Babri Masjid in all its broadcasts. The directive dated August 13, 1998, letter no. R.N.U. (x)-98 said since the matter is pending in the court, term disputed structure will be appropriate. It may be recalled that the BJP and the sangh parivar had been demanding that the Babri Masjid dispute is not something to be settled through courts. Instead the Parliament should make legislation to hand over the Masjid to the VHP to build a temple. But the very pendency of the litigation in the court is now being taken as a pretext to change the term in the news broadcast. Prior to demolition of the mosque, the same parties had given the affidavit before the Supreme Court that the mosque would be protected.
Surprisingly, this game of chicanery and deceit has bypassed the attention of —almost all secular parties, including the Congress (I).
By Abdul Hafiz Lakhani
AHMEDABAD: The famous Shame Burhani Dargah and the adjacent Usmanpura Mosque here are losing their architectural aesthetic value due to construction of high-rise structures around. The local Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has expressed concern on these pleasing structures getting dwarfed by the jungle of skyscrapers.
Shame Burhani Mausoleum is the tomb of Sayied Usman, one of the scholar-saints of Ahmedabad who authored books like Madarijal Maarij in 14th century. It is located in Usmanapura locality (named after him) a little beyond the famous Gujarat Vidyapeeth on the western side of Sabarmati river. The grand historical structure is one among the 53 historical monuments listed by the ASI in Ahmedabad. Sultan Mehmud I constructed a large madrassa where he imparted religious instructions.
The mosque in the compound of the complex is a fine structure in the pillared-hall variety of the Gujarat mosques, built entirely on the trabeate system and comprises only the spacious prayer hall raised on tall pillars with balconied windows in the north and south walls and ordinary windows in the western wall. Its slightly tapering minarets at the front corners are profusely carved with mouldings and string courses and panels sculpted in a variety of design and patterns. They rise into five stages above the roof level, each separated from the other by open galleries supported on beautiful brackets. A prominent cave and arched parapet running all round invests the structure with great charm.
The mausoleum is now denuded of some of its original features having suffered much at the hands of the vandals, vagaries of weather and indifference of authorities.
Sayied Usman’s family inherited the tradition of learning on scholarship for centuries. His grandson Sayied Yusuf translated into Persian in 1487 the famous Arabic biographical dictionary Wafayat al Aayam of Ibne Khallikan (1211-88). The present sajjadanashin, Sayied Tameezbaba Mashhadi is widely respected by Hindus and Muslims.
Mr. V. Nair, senior conservator of the ASI in Ahmedabad says the ASI is helpless in preventing high-rise structures around as it has no funds to initiate legal proceedings. He says unless awareness is created among people, the monument will be left only in the books of history.
By Soroor Ahmed
Like the madarassa teachers the employees of the minority colleges of Bihar are made to believe that they are surviving at the mercy of the government's charity. Notwithstanding so much effort and political lobbying they have not been able to get the full salary and other benefits even after so many years of service.
Under Article 29 and 30 of the Constitution the minorities have the right to set up open and run their institutions. Minority does not stand for the institutions run by Muslims as many of the officials propagate but institutions run by Sikh's, Jain and Christians and linguistic minorities as well. Besides, unlike the madarssa teachers, a large number of employees of theses minority colleges are from the majority Hindu community.
That the government is yet to take any step in this regard can be exemplified from the fact that the meeting held as late as July 17, 1998 at the instance of the Chairman of the State Legislative Council Jabir Hussain yielded no result and ended like earlier such sittings. Some of the officials were not even prepared to give customary assurances to the employees. Among those who attended the high level meeting were the Higher Education Minister Ram Chandra Purve, Minister of State Mr. K.B. Prasad, the Education Commissioner, Vijay Prakash and director of higher education Mr. Vidya Sagar Yadav. The Minister of Minority Welfare Lutfur Rahman also took part in the meeting. The colleges were represented by the members of the governing body and representatives of teaching and non-teaching employees.
The non-teaching employees were the main sufferers of the government's apathy. Under the agreement made in October 1985 it was decided that the teaching employees would get salary from the government and in return the minority college would give half of the tuition fees they collect from the students. This agreement was going on satisfactorily, However, there is a problem. The government grant to these teachers used to come too late. Besides, these teachers are deprived of the retirement benefits.
However, some 30 months ago it was decided that the government would pay full salary to even the non-teaching employees who were till now getting only half the basic scale. The minority colleges were asked to give the remaining 50 per cent of the tuition fee in return. Now admission fees, fines and miscellaneous charges are the only source of income for these colleges. Though so many months have passed, the government has not been complying with the agreed conditions. The recent meeting was held at the personal initiative of Mr. Hussain. But even he failed to secure a concrete announcement from the government. At one point of time he even reprimanded the Minister of State Prasad, who made same objectionable remarks at the meeting. Prasad, however, apologised later.
The indifference towards minority employees and institution is a sad commentary on the state of affairs in the 'minority-friendly' Bihar.
NEW DELHI: The Muslim representation in the central para-military forces ranges between two and five per cent. According to figures provided by the Home Minister in the Lok Sabha in a reply to a question, Muslims make up 4.82 per cent in the Border Security Force (BSF), 5.80 per cent in the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), 2.50 per cent in the Indo-Tibetan Border Police, 3.35 per cent in the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and 2.72 per cent in the Assam Rifles. In contrast, the Christians constitute 2.02 per cent, 2.47 per cent, 1.15 per cent, 3.35 per cent and 7.50 per cent in these forces respectively. The Sikh percentage in the same order is 3.64, 3.30, 3.98,5.00 and 0.77.
By Javed Gaihlot
In this age of fierce competition First class in 10th standard may be good, but not enough. Muslim Schools of Bangalore produce few of them. How can the community expect to be part of the hi-tech future this metropolis is heading for.
The Muslim-managed high schools in Bangalore produce few students who can aspire for a bright future. They suffer from the apathy of their elite who send away their kids to Christian missionary schools and suffer from the smug satisfaction that the entire community has the kind of resources they possess.
A survey of SSLC results for the year 1998 in 13 Muslim high schools reveals that these schools offer poor quality education, lack the educational infrastructure, do not receive parents' attention and cooperation and are totally unable to infuse any higher aspirations among children. According to incomplete figures available to us from these schools, out of the 956 students appearing from these schools, 609 or 63 per cent passed the examination. 36 per cent or 346 failed. 131 or 13 per cent scored first classes. Another 115 or 12 per cent secured second class. Remaining 253 or 26 per cent could just manage to pass the examination and are unsure of a future in education. The only silver line offered by the results is that a boy, Irshad Ahmad Khan from Crescent High School in Basavanagudi, missed the 20th rank in the state by three marks. He scored 88 per cent.
Quwwathul Islam High School in Benson Town run by Lababin Jamaath Education Society remained on top with 95 per cent of passes. Yet the school seems to have left its glorious past far behind. In a survey taken 14 years ago, it had 98 per cent passes and over 90 per cent first classes. Its scholarly principal Muhammad Hussain who retired last month after 34 years of illustrious service to the institution complains that the Urdu schools that feed the Quwwathul Islam High school produce misfit children and break of medium of instructions - from Urdu to English - becomes a handicap for the students' grasping ability. "We need to spend first four months in the 8th standard on improving the English standard and at least 15 per cent boys fail in this class. Its neighbouring Najumassehar Girls High School scored the lowest percentage of passes this year during its 23 years of existence and could not produce even a single first class. The school located amidst the houses of Bangalore's Muslim elite presents an abysmal picture with overcrowded classrooms and no laboratory. According to its headmistress Nagina Begum, the school had produced a ranker in earlier years. Poorly educated mothers of the Najamussaher girls are stated to be the main reason for the poor educational attainment of the students. Most of the mothers are vegetable vendors or maidservants and look forward to their daughters joining them soon.
Two schools that deserve a mention are the Al-Ameen Girls High School located in the Devarajeevanahally Slums and the Crescent High School at Basavanagudi. These schools have shown good performance despite the fact that the input available to them is inferior. This was the first batch of students from the Al-Ameen Girls High School run by the Al-Ameen Women's Wing.
The schools that have literally hit the bottom are the Islamia Madrasae Niswan, Muslim Orphanage Girls School located within premises and also run by the 102-year old Muslim Orphanage and Mahmood Sharief High School in outlying locality of Yeshwanthpur. Madrasae Niswan Girls High School located on the congested Thimmaiah Road of Bangalore's Muslim stronghold has fallen in disrepute due to bad management. The authorities feel that evaluation at random has affected their result. Kannada teachers are given English papers and vice versa. They also express their helplessness before dull-headed students. The school is in advanced stage of disrepair. The classrooms are dark and dank without proper ventilation. It also lacks a reading room and a laboratory. Overcrowded classrooms tax the teachers' lung power. The worst part of the school is its one-man management. It is alleged that the current administrator of the school pockets a large sum of money coming as donations collected from the students seeking admissions in 8th standard.
Mahmood Sharief High School has broken all records by producing 11 per cent passes this year. All the 38 students have failed in Mathematics. The head mistress, Ms. Asma Shaheen cites a number of reasons for the decline of result from 63 per cent last year. And those fall into category of reasons cited by all Muslim schools in the city. The school is deprived of basic requirements such as furniture, ventilation, playing ground, laboratory etc. Proximity of the school with a festering slum in its backyard and mutton market aggravates the physical atmosphere. The students come from very poor background. Lack of awareness among parents, undone homework, meagre salaries all add up to school problems.
But perhaps the state of the Muslim Orphanage Girls High School is the most misberable. The school which is part of the Muslim Orphanage with enormous of funds in its coffers has simply refused to show any improvement in its lot even while grand claims are made by the Wakf Board about the improvement in its physical state. So when its headmistress Ms. Zeenathunnissa says that the school registered improvement in pass percentage from 18 last year to 30 this year, it is music to the ears. "Parents and students find it uncomfortable to go to Orphanage. The name has cost us heavily. As a result, we get students only from the poorest of the poor background" says Ms Zeenath explaining the plight of the school. And she is not wide off the mark. The school management has not kept pace with the times. Some amendment in the name is a must for the institution to be psychologically acceptable to the Muslims of the locality.
Trained teachers, deficient coaching in science and mathematics, break of medium of instructions, poor salaries etc. seem to be the most cited reasons for poor or under-performance of the Muslim schools. Besides, most schools suffer from apathetic administration and lack of attention by the Muslim elite. Social backwardness of the students due to origin from slums and uneducated parents also contributes to poor output. After interacting from a cross section of students, it is felt that most students come from homes where no newspapers are received; no enlightened company is available; parents are engaged in such professions that leave them no time to invest on their children's healthy upbringing; TV is merely an entertainment medium and where no extra-curricular book is available to them.
But these schools could jointly ponder over hiring good hands in mathematics and science and on improving articulation skills of the students. Currently, no joint forum is there to discuss these issues. Meagre salaries often force good teachers to make these schools as stop-gap arrrangement in their careers. As for the physical atmosphere and infrastructure, not even the community, a few Muslim individuals can fulfil the requirements of these schools. But for these to happen, the school managements would have to adopt democratic structure and would need to be transparent in their dealings.
Bangalore currently has around 30 Muslim-managed high schools. But some of the very good ones do not flaunt a minority character and maintain high academic standards, levy lavish fee and admit students on the basis of merit and donation. These essentially do not suffer from these deficiencies. It is the community-run institutions alone that lag behind. Will the community think of giving its own underprivileged sections an evenhanded deal?
Performance of Muslim-managed high schools
in Bangalore in SSLC in 1998
Schools Total Ist IInd Pass Failed Pass% Pass%
Quwwathul Islam High School 225 65 72 60 08 95 99
Najamussaher Girls High School 50 nil 19 26 05 90 NA
Al-Ameen Girls High School 15
nil 13 nil 02 13 NA
Crescent High School 69 17 19 19 17 74 NA
H.R.H.A. High School 33
05 03 17 08 75 NA
Al-Ameen Boys High School 80
NA NA NA 11 84 NA
Hazrat Tawakkal Mastan
High School 13 04 04 04 01 93 100
B. E. T. Sufia High School 65
18 29 02 16 87 75
Islamia Madrasa Niswan
Girls High School 160
09 10 35 106 36 NA
Mahmood Shariff High School 43
nil 03 02 38 11 63
Girls High School 66 01 03 16 46 30
Shantiniketan Girls High School 52 10 16 12 15 71 NA
Central Muslim Assn.
High School 164 05 15 60 84 48 NA
TOTAL 956 131 196 609 346 63%
CHENNAI: The Crescent Coaching Centre here will hold entrance test for selecting candidates for UPSC preliminary examination 1999 in November 1998. The Centre provides academic consultancy, library, periodic tests, and free accommodation. It is located in the Crescent Engineering College campus in Vandaloor, a suburb of Chennai. Separate hostel facilities are offered for women candidates. Aspirants can obtain application form by sending Rs. 70 by money order to: Director, CCGCC, Vandalur, Chennai-600048, Phone: 2376035 extension 127.
By A Staff Writer
NEW DELHI: The National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (NCPUL) has decided to open 20 computer centres in different of the country in order to promote employment opportunities for Urdu-knowing youth. Council Director Hamidullah Bhatt said the project estimates run upto Rs one crore and would include setting up computer centres in cities such Srinagar, Bangalore, Muzaffarpur, Bhopal, Mumbai, Lucknow, Calicut, Allahabad, Mysore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Dhanbad, Kurnool, Lucknow and Hyderabad.
The syllabus for the courses has been prepared by National Informatics Centre (NIC) and the centres would be run by cooperative societies and voluntary agencies. Mr. Bhatt informed the Islamic Voice that the Council is tying up with the Indira Gandhi National Open University to train Urdu teachers. He said according to the latest census, the country had 4.5 crore Urdu-speaking people.
By Andalib Akhter
NEW DELHI : The chairman of National Human Right Commission (NHRC) Mr. M.N. Venketchalia has urged the state government of Uttar Pradesh and Gujrat to constitute state human rights body. The need for state human rights commissions in UP has been felt for a long time.
In a missive to UP Chief Minister Kalyan Singh, Mr. Chalia said there was a great need of constituting commission in the state. He reminded that in 1996 the state government, through a notification, had decided to constitute state human rights commission, but nothing was done yet.
He said if there were a commission in the state the peoples’ problems would be solved soon. And from their number of cases in courts would also be reduced, he added.
SILCHAR: The UGC has sanctioned an Arabic Refresher course to Assam University here. Those with four years of Arabic teaching can attend the 3-week course, beginning from October 3, according to Dr. K. Mohammad, Head of the Department of Arabic. Applications can be had from the Department of Arabic, Assam University, P O B No. 63, Silchar-788001.
CHENNAI: The Jamaat e Islami Hind will hold its conference for Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and other union territories at Bangalore on February 20-21, 1999. Mr. M. P. Basheer Ahmed, vice president of the Karnataka zone of the Jamaat, has been appointed convenor of the conference. Mr. Ameenul Hassan of Tamil Nadu and Ghulam Dastageer of Andhra Pradesh will assist the convenor.
By a Staff Writer
NEW DELHI : The Institute of Objective Studies (IOS) has decided to institute an award, "Shah Waliullah Memorial Award", to honour eminent scholars who have done outstanding work in social sciences, Humanities, Law and Islamic research, reports the latest issue of IOS news letter.
The award will carry a cash prize of Rs. One lakh and a scroll of honour containing citation. The award will be given annually. The best scholar of the year will be selected by a high level committee appointed for the purpose.
The award has been constituted to commemorate the outstanding services of Hazrat Shah Waliullah to promote Islamic value.
Apart from IOS Chairman, Dr. Manzoor Alam, the award board is comprised of Qazi Mujahidul Islam Qasmi, Mr. Justice A.M. Ahmadi, ex-Chief Justice of India, Dr. A. Hasib and Prof. A.R. Momin.
The subject or the field of the award is to be decided by the board for each year. The field of the Award for year 1998 is "Islamic Disciplines (Uloom-e-Islamia)" the thrust being on the interpretation and explication of Islamic principles and teachings in the context of present times.
By Major Khalil-ur-Rahman
Prof. Jalees A.K. Tareen, Professor of Geology at the University of Mysore, has recently been honoured by government of India with National Mineral Award for his outstanding research contribution in the field of Geochemistry. He has a multi dimensional personality. He has attained national and international recognition in his field as a researcher par excellence, while he is known in the city of Mysore as an architect of basic education. He along with Prof.B.S.Sheik Ali and Mr. Noor Ahmed founded the Muslim Educational Society in 1974 and established about 14 Nursery schools; two primary schools and a High school. The Institutions have now grown into a major educational centre for the Muslims under the Presidentship of Mr. Noor Ahmed, former Director of Technical Education and his active team of like minded friends. The society runs a first grade college and a college of Business Management, an ITI and coaching classes for professional courses and competitive examinations.
Prof. Tareen holds a doctorate degree in Geology from Mysore University, a second doctorate in Solid State Chemistry (University of Bordeaux, France). He worked as a post-doctoral visiting Scientist in Tokyo Institute of Technology, Bordeaux University, France and Grand Institute Edinburgh, U.K. and delivered lectures in these laboratories. Prof. Tareen has established the laboratory for high pressure-temperature research in Mysore University which is the first of its kind in India. The National Award was given in recognition of this contribution. He is also the recipient of Golden Jubilee Science and Technology Award of Mysore University. Prof. Tareen is currently working as visiting professor and helping in establishing a new Geology Department in Mekelle University, Ethiopia. It is understood that in his spare time he has been spreading the concept of Nursery education in the backward regions of Ethiopia.
His good rapport with well known philanthropist like Mr. Tameem Ahmed of Yusuf Bin Ahmed Kanoo, Jeddah has brought in commensurate benefits to the community’s welfare programme.
Prof. Tareen has published over sixty research papers in international journals and supervised six doctoral students. He has two books in Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry.
Asked about his future plans, he has a few projects which he would like to launch after his return to India.
1) To establish a Megafund to support Muslim post-graduates to take up research in Science and Technology in Universities, by offering them fellowships.
2) To spread the concept of Nursery Education to every nook and corner of the state, particularly in backward areas to benefit the educationally backward people.
Felicitated:Miss O. K. Jameela Begum from A. R. R. Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Kumbakonam who secured the first rank in the Tanjore district was felicitated by Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi at a function held in Chennai.
Literature Award: My Syed Mohammed (Hasan) received ‘Mohan Sathakathullah Appa Literature Award’ for his service for Islamic Tamil Literature. This award was instituted by Islamic Research Cultural Centre maintained by Seethakathi Trust, Chennai.
Research Assistant of Islamic Chair: Dr. ARA. Abdul Jabbar is appointed as a Research Assistant of Islamic Chair in Tamil University, Tanjore.
He is the retired Tamil Professor of Trichy Jamal Mohammed College, worked as a lecturer, Head of the Department of Tamil, Vice-Principal during his thirty five years of service. He was the incharge for the Deeniyath classes. He is a good writer and orator.
He is planning to conduct in Islamic Seminar on September or October 98. He is also doing research on Islamic personalities.
Address : Dr. Ara. Abdul Jabbar, Research Assistant Islamic Chair, Tamil University, Tanjore (T.N), dist. Tanjore.
Fiqh seminar : The eleventh Fiqh seminar of Islamic Fiqh Academy (IFA) will be held in April 1999. The venue of the seminar will be ‘Nadwat ul Ulama’ Lucknow. The questionnaire for the discussion has already been issued.
Meanwhile another seminar of Ifa on the topic of ‘Awakaf’ will be held on November 1st this year.
Arabic Reader: Arabic Reader Book 1 to 8 in series is written by Mr. A. Syed Ibrahim Shal for English schools. For specimen and details contact ; Meen Publications , 29, Glasskara Street, Near Town Hall Road, Madurai -625001. Tel: 0452-743035, Fax:0452-746565.
IGNOU Courses:The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has launched computer courses through the internet in the academic session beginning the Aug’98. The students can have access to these courses through IGNOU website at http:/www.Ignoue.Edu.
NOS Through Urdu Medium : The National Open School will also start education through Urdu medium, the NOS Chairman, B. Menon, informed a delegation of Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu. The delegation comprises of Dr. Khaliq Anjum, Prof. Shami Hanfi, Dr. Aslam Pervez. They demand other steps inclusive of Urdu medium in this National Open School.
Med Bans Urdu : The Delhi Municipal Corporation (MCD) has closed its Urdu section recently.
There were two sections in MCD to look into matters related to Urdu. One section translates applications and another receives documents in Urdu or to translate material from other language for the convenience of Urdu-knowing officials.
The other section was in secretary’s office where agendas and other reports were translated for Urdu-knowing councillors. In closing these sections it is said the BJP government’s, anti-Urdu lobby was involved.
Educational Scholarship:Those who are studying graduation and post-graduation in Arts, Science, Medical, Engineering etc. from Tamilnadu can apply for the education scholarship 1998-99 by Tamilnadu Education Trust. Students must get 60 per cent marks in their previous examinations and their parents annual income should not exceed Rs. 25,000/- per annum. Those who will be selected for this scheme will get Rs. 2000/- for graduates Rs.2,500/- for Post-graduates and Rs. 3000/- for professional courses. For details and application form, please send Rs.4/- self-addressed stamped envelope to the following address:
The Hon. Secretary , Tamilnadu Educational Trust, Raja Muthiah Hall, 3rd floor, 18-D Rukmini Lakshmipathy Road, Egmore, Chennai-600008. Last date for receipt of application : 15-10-1998.