Terms Related with Traffic ٹریفک سے متعلق اصطلاحات

Box junction: A road  traffic control measure designed to prevent congestion and gridlock at junctions. The surface of the junction is typically marked with a criss-cross grid of diagonal painted lines (or only two lines crossing each other in the box), and vehicles may not enter the area so marked unless their exit from the junction is clear.
(آڑی ترچھی لکیروں سے نشان زدہ علاقہ جہاں سے ٹرافک بغیر ٹرافک لائٹ کے آگے نہ جا سکے)

Bypass: An auxiliary route that relieves congestion along the mainline by routing traffic around a city or congested area.
(متبادل راستہ یا شاہراہ)

Grade separator: The method of aligning a junction of two or more road axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.
(کئی سڑکوں کے ملن کو مختلف درجوں سے گزارنے والا پُل)

Flyover: A bridge carrying a railway line or road underneath.
(پُل جس کے نیچے سے دوسری سڑک یا ریل لائن گزرتی ہو)

Hairpin turn, hairpin bend: A bend in a road with a very acute inner angle that resembles a hairpin, making it necessary for an oncoming vehicle to turn almost 180° to continue on the road.
(پہاڑی گھماؤ دار سڑک کے یو۔ جیسے ٹرن)

Interchange: A road junction that typically uses grade separation, and one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without directly crossing any other traffic stream.
(سڑکوں کے وہ جنکشن جہاں دوسری جانب سے آنے والی ٹرافک کو متأثر کئے بغیر سمت بدلی جاسکتی ہے)

Cul-de-sac, dead end: A street with only one entry ending blindly. (اندھی گلی)

Median strip: The area between opposing lanes of traffic, either paved or planted with bushes.
(آنے اور جانے والی ٹرافک کے درمیان کی جگہ جہاں عموماً جھاڑیاں لگادی جاتی ہیں)

Milestone, mile markers: One of a series of numbered markers placed along a road or boundary at intervals of one mile or kilometre.
(سنگ میل، مسافت نما)

Pedestrian crossing or crosswalk: A designated place for pedestrians to cross a road.
(پیادہ افراد کے لئے مختص علاقہ)

Ring road, beltway, circumferential highway, or orbital: A highway or series of highways that encircle a city or town.
(شہر کے گرد گھومنے والی سڑک)

Speed bump, speed hump: A vertical deflection in the road or street to slow motor vehicle traffic in order to improve safety condition.
(سڑک کا رفتار شکن ابھار، حفاظتی اقدام)

Toll road, turnpike, or tollway: A road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
(کرایہ والے روڈ)

U-turn: A 180° rotation to reverse the direction of travel so called because the maneuver looks like the letter U.
(سڑک پر واپس پلٹنے کا نشان)

Vienna Convention on Road Traffic: An international treaty designed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by establishing standard traffic rules among the contracting parties.
(سڑکوں پر حفاظتی خدمات کے لئے کیا گیا ویانا سمجھوتہ)

Spaghetti Junction: A nickname sometimes given to a complicated or massively intertwined road traffic interchange that resembles a plate of spaghetti. The term was originally used to refer to the Gravelly Hill Interchange on the M6 in Birmingham.
(ایک دوسرے کو پھلانگتی ہوئی کئی شاہراہوں کا کئی منزلہ اتصال جو نوڈل سے بھری پلیٹ جیسا لگے، شش راہا)

Zebra-Cross: Pedestrian crossing point on a road.
(پیادہ افراد کو سڑک پار کرنے کے لئے سفید اور کالی پٹّیوں سے نمایاں مقام)

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