The rose is a lovely flower. There are other flowers that smell as sweet, but they are not so beautiful as the rose. There are other flowers as beautiful as the rose but they do not smell so sweet. There is no other flower on the earth that is both so beautiful and so sweet as the rose. Therefore, it is called as the Queen of Flowers.
In most parts of the world, rose grows wild. But, wild roses are not so large and nor so beautiful as the garden rose. A garden would look incomplete without a rose plant. There are hundreds of varieties of roses, some large and some small. They are of different colors; some white, some red and some are yellow. There is a color that is known as the rose color.
Once upon a time, a lovely and a spirited young woman called Nur Jahan ruled Delhi (the Light of the world) on behalf of her husband, who was the great Mughal Emperor called Jahangir. It is said that she often used to bathe in a water tank in her palace, which was filled with red roses to perfume the water. Once the roses were left in the bathing tank for two or three days – the Queen who was looking at them noticed a sort of oil floating on the top of the water. Now, Nur Jahan was a clever woman who was always full of ideas. She touched it with her handkerchief and found that it gave out a lovely perfume. She decided to manufacture it for her husband Jahangir and for other ladies of the court. She gave it the name, “Perfume of Roses.” Others believe that she called it as the, “Perfume of Jahangir.” It was the finest perfume that was ever developed in India. The first Europeans who came to India were enchanted by its sweet smell that they decided to take it to England, where it was called as the, “Otto of Roses.”
The Rose is today grown in large numbers in Iran, Turkey, and Kashmir. There are two kinds of perfumes that are made from it. The common kind is called Rose water, whereas the other is the, “Perfume of Roses,” which is rare and costly as the day, when Nur Jahan had it manufactured for the first time.
Rose water is made by putting a large number of roses, which are freshly picked into a closed vessel filled with little water. The vessel is then heated. The vapor, which rises is made to pass through a tube into a cold vessel, where it again becomes water. This is called as the Rose water.
From the rose water, the Perfume of Roses is manufactured. The rose water is poured into large shallow pans, which are dried for several days. During the night a little oil rises to the top of the water. This is carefully skimmed with a feather. This is called the, “Perfume of Roses.” It is very valuable. It takes one hundred trees to make on rupee's weight in perfume. This is often sold for thousands of rupees.