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Agriculture Related Terms
زراعت سے متعلق اصطلاحات

plaughing

practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising animals for food, wool, cotton, wood, and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products are included in Agriculture.
(کھیتی، زراعت، کاشتکاری).

Horticulture: is the branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology, and business of cultivation of fruits, vegetables, flowers, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, seaweeds, nuts, grass and ornamental trees. It also involves plant conservation, landscaping, garden designing etc. (باغبانی)
Agronomy: is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fibre, and land reclamation. It deals with a combination of sciences like biology, chemistry, economics, ecology, earth sciences and genetics. (دیہی معاشیات)
Basket-Fruit

Animal Husbandry: is the management and care of farm animals by humans for profit, in which genetic qualities and behaviour, considered to be advantageous to humans, are further developed. The term can refer to the practice of selectively breeding and raising livestock to promote desirable traits in animals for utility, sport, pleasure, or research. (افزائشِ مویشی)
farm-animals

Livestock: Animals that are domesticated and animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce items for food, meat, wool, leather and for transportation.
(مویشی جو منافع کے لیےپالےجاتے ہیں)

Crop: The act or process of cutting or gathering the crop. It also refers to timing and yield. (فصل،کٹائی)
Fertilizer: Any substance, such as manure or a mixture of nitrates, added to soil or water to increase its productivity. (کھاد)

Insecticide or Pesticide: A substance or agent used to kill insects and pests that damage crops and food or household items. (کیڑا مار دوا)

Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the land or soil. It is used to assist in the growing of agricultural crops. (سینچائی،آبپاشی)

Sericulture: The Production of silk and rearing of silkworms for the purpose. (ریشم کی پیداوار)
Vermiculture: The cultivation of earthworms, especially in order to use them to convert organic waste into manure. (کیچوؤں کی مدد سے زمین کو زرخیز بنانے کا فن)
Silkworm_&_cocoon

Hydroponics: It is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, or sawdust etc but essentially without soil.
(پانی یا لکڑی کے بُرادے میں پودے اُگانے کا فن)

Cash crop: Anything grown for sale rather than use by the farmer e.g., sugarcane, cotton, etc. (تجارتی فصل)
Plantation Crop: The crops grown include fast-growing trees (often conifers), cotton, coffee, tobacco, sugar cane, sisal, oil seeds (e.g. oil palms), rubber trees, and various fruits e.g., coconut, rubber, arecanut, cardamom etc. (باغوں کی فصلیں)

Fertigation: Mixing fertilizer with water while irrigating the crops.
(کھاد کو پانی میں گھلا کر آبپاشی کرنا)

(Note: It is a new term. May not be available in dictionary).
Barn, barnyard: Place where grains are stored. (اناج کی کوٹھی)

Pen: Yard for keeping animals. (مویشیوں کا باڑہ)

Pasture: Grass fields where animals can graze. (چراگاہ)
Compost: A mixture of organic matter as from leaves that have decayed for being used as a manure. (نامیاتی کھاد)

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