Enhance Your Word Power – Disability Related Terms (معذوریوں سے متعلق الفاظ)
Braille: System of writing with embossed dots formed by using a Braille cell, a combination of six dots consisting of two vertical columns of three dots each. Each simple Braille character is formed by one or more of these dots and occupies a full cell or space. Some Braille may use eight dots.
(نابینا افراد کے لیے اُبھرے ہوئے نقطوں سے لکھی تحریر)
Crutches: (Singular is crutch, but mostly used plural). A stick with a piece that fits under the arm, that you lean on for support if you havedifficulty in walking because of a foot or leg injury.
Dumb: Permanently unable to speak. This word is now usually considered offensive. The more usual word is speech impaired.
Sign Language: Sign languages are not universal. They differ from country to country. The gestures or symbols in sign language are organized in a linguistic way. Each individual gesture is called a sign. (اِشاراتی زبان)
Dyslexia: A condition in the brain that makes it hard for a person to read, write, and spelling.
(پڑھنے کی اہلیت میں کمی)
Lame: Used for describing someone who is disabled because their leg or foot is damaged. This word is now considered offensive.
(پیروں سے معذور)
Paralympics: An international sports event for people with disabilities that takes places every four years.
(معذور کھلاڑیوں کے بین الا قوامی کھیل)
Wheelchair: A chair with large wheels that someone who cannot walk uses for moving around. (وھیل چیر)
Quadriplegic: One affected with paralysis of both arms and both legs.
(چاروں ہاتھ پاؤں کا فالج)
Paraplegic: Complete paralysis of the lower half of the body including both legs, usually caused by damage to the spinal cord.
(کمر سے نیچے کا فالج)
Autism: A condition or disorder that begins in childhood and that causes problems in forming relationships and in communicating with other people.
(گم صم رہنے کی کیفیت جو پیدائش سے ظاہر ہوتی ہے)
Mentally Challenged: A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one more of an individual’s major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and thoseregarded as having such an impairment.
Visually Challenged: One whose eyesight is severely affected to the extent of seeking external help to carry out daily chores. (نابینا)