Enhance Your Word Power – Terms Related with Meteorology
(موسمیات سے متعلق الفاظ)
Meteorology: Meteorology is the science of weather. It is essentially an inter-disciplinary science because the atmosphere, land and ocean constitute an integrated system. The three basic aspects of meteorology are observation, understanding and prediction of weather. (موسمیات).
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Weather generally refers to day-to-day temperature, sunshine and rainfall. (موسم).
Climate: Climate is defined as an area’s long-term weather patterns. The simplest way to describe climate is to look at the average temperature and precipitation over time. Other useful elements for describing climate include the type and the timing of precipitation, amount of sunshine, average wind speeds and directions, number of days above freezing, weather extremes, and local geography. Remember, the weather at a place changes from day to day, but climate of a place remains constant. (آب اور ہوا)
Cyclone refers to any spinning storm that rotates around a low-pressure center. The low-pressure center is also referred to as the ‘eye’ of the storm or epicentre, which is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning ‘arms’ of the storm.
(سمندری طوفان جو گردش کرتا ہوا آتا ہے)
Typhoon: The cyclone occurring in the Northwest Pacific are called a typhoon
(بحرالکاہل کا سمندری طوفان)
Hurricane: Cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific are called a hurricane. (بحراوقیانوس کا سمندری طوفان)
Weather Forecasting is a prediction of what the weather will be like in an hour, tomorrow, or next week. (موسم کی پیش گوئی)
Monsoon is the seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and South Asia, blowing from the Southwest in summer and from the north east in winter bringing large amount of rain for the subcontinent.
(بحر ہند کی بارش لانے والی ہوائیں)
Thunderstorm: A condition in which numerous distinct ethnic, religious or cultural groups are present and are tolerated. (بادوباراں)
Weathercock is an instrument for showing the direction of the wind. (مرغ باد نما)
Hailstorm: A hailstorm is rain of balls or lumps of clear ice and compact snow. It is not known for sure how hailstones form and grow. It is called Blizzard too.
Sandstorm: A strong wind that carries clouds of sand and dust through the air. (ریت کی آندھی)
Raingauge: A Rain gauge is an instrument to measure rainfall or snowfall , consisting of a cylinder covered by a funnel-like lid.
Barometer: An instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially in forecasting the weather and determining altitude. (مقیاس الہوا)
Anemometer: The anemometer is an instrument for measuring the force and velocity of the wind.
Snowfall: Type of Government where representatives are elected to a central body and laws are enacted as per wishes of the people. (برف باری)
Weather buoy is an instrument which collects weather and ocean data within the world’s oceans. (بحری موسم پیما)