Sachar Committee (2005) After the report, it was said that Muslims have made a lot of progress as a whole, but one after the other, shocking revelations are coming out from the surveys and reports of several research institutes. are just recently in its June 30, 2023 issue, the leading English daily ‘Hindustan Times’ has published a very eye-opening report on Muslims in India. It includes the All India Debt and Investment Survey (AIDIS) and Periodic Labor Force. According to the survey (PLFS), followers of Islam in the country face significant difficulties and problems. They have the lowest level of assets and consumption compared to other religious groups in the country. According to the report, Muslims are considered to be the most economically disadvantaged religious group in India, and they constitute a large part of the country’s poor population.
This assessment report shows that despite the fact that Muslims constitute less than 15% of India’s total population, around 25% of street beggars belong to the Muslim community. This striking disparity highlights the economic hardships facing the nation, far greater than those faced by Hindus and followers of other religions. The Gallup Center, a global think tank, has recently stated that Indian Muslims may face different types of problems and sufferings in the near future than people belonging to other religious groups.
This is not a new problem for Indian Muslims. In 2010, a report by the National Council for Economic Research revealed that 31 percent of Muslims in India live below the poverty line. In 2013, a survey conducted by an organization under the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, Government of India confirmed that Muslims are one of the most economically disadvantaged sections of the country. Research like this clearly indicates that the problem is much deeper than we realize. Quartz, a digital media company known for its innovative business news coverage and analysis, pointed out in 2018 that despite India’s progress in lifting nearly 170 million people out of poverty since 1990, Muslims This is a worrying sign.
Top journalists like Abhishek Jha and Roshan Kishore wrote in their analytical report in ‘Hindustan Times’ that misleading claims are often made about the faster population growth of Muslims in India than other religious groups. Explaining this, he writes that these claims are not based on accurate information. However, it is true that a large proportion of Muslims are poorer than their share of the population. They are mostly concentrated in the lower half of India’s population. This concentration of poverty among Muslims highlights the unfair prejudices of the existing Indian system.
There are many obstacles that make it difficult for Muslims in India to progress economically. They face various challenges. These include limited access to education and discrimination on the basis of their religion. The most recent example of discrimination on the basis of religion is seen in Uttarakhand, where a hate campaign against Muslims has taken place. We saw the role of the state and central government with open eyes. Quartz researchers point out that Muslims face persistent prejudice across the country. However, there are no policies to protect their rights. They do not get any adequate support from the political system either. They say Muslims are often discriminated against and subjected to violence. According to government data, India has a history of communal violence. Between 2017 and 2021, nearly 3,000 incidents of such violence were recorded. It is a fact that the economic and social situation of Muslims in India is very serious and fundamental work is needed to improve them. But at every level, there seems to be a nest of the deaf and a watch of the blind.
Some studies show that Indian Muslims have the lowest enrollment rate in higher education. This difference can be attributed to various factors. A major reason is inadequate educational infrastructure in Muslim-majority areas, which suffer from a shortage of schools and trained teachers. This limits the availability of quality education for Muslim children. Socio-economic factors such as poverty and discrimination compound the challenges faced by Muslims, creating additional barriers to educational opportunities. Even more alarming is the fact that Muslim student enrollment is 8 percent has decreased. The report said Muslims were the only group to experience an absolute decline, while other communities saw an overall increase in enrollment. Leading the decline are states like Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Bihar, and Karnataka. According to the researchers, the low share of Muslims in better jobs in India is not necessarily a result of discrimination in the employment process but may also be a result of educational attainment among job-seeking Muslims. It plays a big role. According to the report, communal politics does not play a direct role in determining the economic barriers faced by Indian Muslims but rather works behind the scenes.
The political representation of Muslims in the Indian government is declining significantly. In 2022, the ruling party was left without a Muslim Member of Parliament (MP) for the first time in its history, highlighting the declining representation and political status of Muslims politically. The absence of Muslim ministers at the central level at present is a shocking act of the present political system. All major political parties, including the Bharatiya Janata Party, are trying their best to get Muslim votes to win maximum seats in Parliament, but no party, even regional parties dependent on Muslim votes, can win seats in Parliament. It does not seem sincere towards increasing the representation of Muslims. Just consider that according to the 2011 census in a country with a population of one billion and thirty million, the number of Muslims is more than 14.5 percent, while their number in the parliament is only three and a half. is the percentage.
The government is continuously ignoring 15% of the population. You can imagine the problems faced by Muslims because of this, access to decent housing in an expensive and quality area, which plays an important role in determining one’s overall quality of life. does, Muslims are deprived. They face discrimination in rent and even the wholesale estate market, which makes them feel insecure and untouchable. Commenting on these conditions, Abhishek Jha and Roshan Kishore have written that there is a dire need for comprehensive measures to improve the educational and economic status of Muslims in India. According to him, it is important to raise the question of whether the current shift towards majority politics in India has covered the economic prosperity of Muslims and their identity has become the biggest crime for them.
Such barriers have been compounding the economic disadvantage faced by Indian Muslims, creating a trap of poverty for them that is now difficult to break out of. To effectively break these chains, a holistic approach is necessary, including the social, economic, cultural, and political factors that contribute to the current situation. By implementing inclusive policies, promoting equal access to education and employment, challenging stereotypes, and ensuring fair representation, India can strive to create a society where all citizens, including Indian Muslims, can flourish. Get equal opportunities. Only through a comprehensive and coordinated effort can we truly break down these barriers and pave the way for a more just and prosperous future for all.
Expecting any positive action or help from the government in the current situation is nothing but stupidity and self-delusion of the first order. Therefore, if those who fill the breadth of the nation, whether they belong to any field of life unless they sit together and prepare a plan of action, there can be no hope of any improvement. Poverty brings with it all kinds of weaknesses. In a nation that does not have education and not have skills and resources, the “homecoming” of the next generation will be very easy and the present generation will leave this world in tears only over a uniform civil code and future generations will not It will leave the educated and economically backward. If anyone asks that a nation that has waqf properties worth crores of rupees, even its imams and muezzins yearn for meager salaries, its children are deprived of basic education, and the youth are forced to lead a purposeless life, its future is terrible. There is room for doubt in the darkness. So far, the government and archeologists have forced the historic mosques to be uninhabited, but if the situation continues to deteriorate, our beautiful mosques will be used for some other purpose. God, wake up and think.