Terms Related with Writing Works (تحریر و تصنیف سے متعلق اصطلاحات)

Assignment: A piece of writing that a writer has been assigned to write by an editor or publisher for a pre-determined fee.  (تفویض شدہ تحریری کام)

 Ballad: A narrative folksong, usually created by common people and passed on orally. (رومانوی، جذباتی گیت)

 Book Review: A summary of a book, including its critique. (تبصرۂ کتب)

 Copyediting: Checking for errors in spelling, grammar, punctuation and word usage. (اِدارت)

 CV:  Curriculum Vitae – a short one page resume. (تعلیم و تجربہ کا مختصر احوال)

 Draft: A completed version of a writing which may be rewritten, revised, or polished. (تحریری مسوّدہ کا ابتدائی خاکہ)

 Dummy: Hand drawn mock-up of what a page will look like in print.(طباعت سے قبل مطبوعہ مسوّدہ کی نقل)

Elegy: A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation.(مرثیہ)

Genre: The type or category of writing – like mystery, science fiction, romance, fantasy, etc. (صنفِ ادب و تحریر)

Ghostwriter: A writer who is paid to write for someone else. A ghostwriter does not get a byline or any credit. Usually celebrities hire ghostwriters and then sell the book under their own names. (کرایہ کا مصنف)

Hardcover: Book bound with hard cardboard cover, then covered with a paper dust jacket.(مجلد کتاب)

Manuscript: Author’s copy of a novel, non-fiction writing, article, or screenplay. (دستی تحریر)

Obituary: News of death especially in a newspaper. (وفات کی اطلاع، تعزیت نامہ)

Overview: A brief description of a novel or non-fiction book intended to introduce the work to a publisher.(عمومی جائزہ)

Ode: A lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style. (جذباتی نظم)

 Paradox: A statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense. E.g. “The Child is Father of the Man”(Wordsworth Quote). (بظاہر مہمل بات مگر حقیقت)

Parody: A humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work. (مزاحیہ نقّالی)

 Plagiarism: Presenting another author’s works or words as your own. (تحریری سرقہ)

 Pseudonym: An alias used by a writer desiring not to use his or her real name. Also known as “pen name”. (تخلّص، مثال کے طور پر،اُردو شاعر مرزا اسد اللہ خان، غالب تخلص رکھتے تھے)

 Quatrain: A four-line stanza. Quatrains are the most common stanzaic form in the English language, having various meters and rhyme schemes. (رباعی)

 Royalties: A percentage of the cover price of a book paid to the author. Royalties are only paid after the book has earned out and are usually paid on a monthly or quarterly basis. (کتب کا حقِ تصنیف)

 Simile: Comparing two different things using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. For example – The water was cold as ice. (تمثیل)

 Synopsis: Brief summary of a story, manuscript, or book, told in present tense prose which is usually two to three paragraphs in length. (تحقیقی مطالعہ کا اِبتداعی خاکہ).

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