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Muslims in India’s Economic Sphere

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Dr. Khaalid Khan

Muslims represent the second-largest religious group and the largest religious minority community in India. As per the census 2011, they constitute 14.2 percent of the total population of the country. Several studies have shown that Muslims are lagging in terms of most of the indicators of human development. They are the poorest, educationally backward, and politically least represented groups in India. Their representation in government employment and the organized sector is very low, forcing them to work in the unorganized private sector and petty self-employment. However, there is a paucity of literature documenting the status of Muslims in India. A few studies have highlighted their backwardness. The major findings emerging from the studies are that Muslims have the lowest average consumption level in both rural and urban areas. However, their backwardness is more distinct in urban areas. The gap in poverty between Hindu and Muslims is high. Muslims are lagging in terms of wellbeing measures also. Muslims face more inadequate access to infrastructure, health, and transport facilities.

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Muslims in India’s Economic Sphere