Agroforestry: Farming activities are undertaken between widely spaced trees usually cultivated for timber, firewood and/or fodder.
(ØªØ¬Ø§Ø±ØªÛ Ù ÙØ§ØµØ¯ Ú©Û ÙØ¦Û Ø§ÙÚ¯Ø§Ø¦Û Ø¬Ø§ÙÛ ÙØ§ÙÛ Ø¯Ø±Ø®Øª)
Biodiversity: The variety of life forms in a given area; can be categorized in terms of number of species, variety of plant and animal communities, genetic variability or some combination of these categories. (ØÛØ§ØªØ§ØªÛ ØªÙÙØ¹)
Canopy: The “roof” of the forest formed by the crowns of the tallest trees. (Ù¾ÛÚÙÚº Ø³Û Ø¨ÙØ§ ÚÚ¾ØªÙØ±)
Cellulose: The scientific name for wood fiber.
(ÙÚ©ÚÛ Ø³Û ØØ§ØµÙ Ø´Ø¯Û Ø±ÛØ´Û)
Conifer: A class of trees that are evergreen, have needle or scalelike foliage and conelike fruit; often called softwood. Examples include pine, hemlock, cedar and cypress. (ØµÙÙØ¨Ø± Ú©Û ÙØ³Ù Ú©Ø§ Ø¯Ø±Ø®Øª Ø¬Ø³ Ú©Û Ù¾ØªÙÛ ÙÙÚ©Ø¯Ø§Ø± Ø§ÙØ± Ù¾Ú¾Ù Ù Ø®Ø±ÙØ·Û ÛÙØªÛ ÛÛÚº)
Deciduous: A group of trees that lose all of their leaves every year. (Ø¨Ø±Ú¯ Ø±ÛØ² Ø¬ÙÚ¯Ù Ø¬Ø³ Ú©Û Ù¾ØªÙÛ ÛØ± Ø³Ø§Ù Ø¬Ú¾Ú Ø¬Ø§ØªÛ ÛÛÚº)
Evergreen: A group of trees that do not lose all of their leaves every year but go through a gradual replacement by dropping only their oldest leaves each year. Instead of being bare in winter, these trees have leaves all year. (Ø³Ø¯Ø§Ø¨ÛØ§Ø±)
Forestry: The art and science of managing forests to produce various products and benefits including timber, wildlife habitat, clean water, biodiversity and recreation. (Ø¬ÙÚ¯Ù Ø¨Ø§ÙÛ Ú©Ø§ Ø¹ÙÙ )
Pulpwood: Wood used in the manufacture of paper, fiberboard or other wood fiber products. Pulpwood-sized trees are usually a minimum of 4 inches in diameter. (Ú©Ø§ØºØ° Ø¨ÙØ§ÙÛ Ú©Û ÙÚ©ÚÛ)
Sawtimber: Wood of large enough size to be used to produce lumber for construction and furniture.
(ÙØ±ÙÛÚØ± Ú©Û ÙØ¦Û Ø§Ø³ØªØ¹Ù Ø§Ù ÛÙÙÛ ÙØ§ÙÛ ÙÚ©ÚÛ)
Habitat: An area in which a specific plant or animal naturally lives, grows and reproduces; the area that provides a plant or animal with adequate food, water, shelter and living space.
Hectare: Unit of land area equal to 10,000 square metres. There are 100 hectares in a square kilometre. (Ø¯Ø³ ÛØ²Ø§Ø± Ù Ø±Ø¨Ø¹ Ù ÛÙ¹Ø± Ø²Ù ÛÙ)
Hardwood: Descriptive term used for the wood of broad-leaved trees. Also old-fashioned term for the broad-leaved trees.
(ÚÙÚÛ Ù¾ØªÙÚº ÙØ§ÙÛØ¯Ø±Ø®ØªÙÚº Ø³Û ÙÚ©ÙÙÛ ÙØ§ÙÛ ÙÚ©ÚÛ)
Lumber: Timber cut into planks, pieces.
(ØªØ®ØªÙÚº Ú©Û Ø´Ú©Ù Ù ÛÚº ØªØ±Ø§Ø´ÛØ¯Û ÙÚ©ÚÛ)
Turpentine: A distilled chemical produced from tapping into a living pine and harvesting the sap.
(Ù¹Ø±Ù¾ÛÙ Ú©Ø§ ØªÛÙ Ø¬Ù ØµÙÙØ¨Ø± Ú©Û Ù¾ÛÚ Ø³ÛØ±ÙØ³ØªØ§ ÛÛ)
Wood or woodland: A smaller area of trees than a forest, usually applies to broad-leaved trees. The distinction between a “forest” and a “wood” or “woodland” is simply one of scale, and to some extent the words are interchangeable. (ÚÚ¾ÙÙ¹Û Ø¬ÙÚ¯ÙØ§Øª)
Sustainable development: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (ØªØØ¸Ù Ù¾Ø³ÙØ¯Ø§ÙÛ ØªØ±ÙÛ)
Sapwood: Living wood making up the outer annual rings of tree trunk through which water from soil is conducted up the tree.
(Ù¾ÛÚ Ú©Û ØªÙÛ Ú©Û Ù Ø±Ú©Ø² Ø§ÙØ± ÚÚ¾Ø§Ù Ú©Û Ø¯Ø±Ù ÛØ§Ù Ú©Û ÙÚ©ÚÛ)
Scrub: Area of poorly formed trees or bushes unsuitable for conversion to timber.
(Ø¬Ú¾Ø§ÚÛÙÚº Ù¾Ø± Ù Ø´ØªÙ Ù Ø¬ÙÚ¯Ù)
Windthrow: Trees uprooted by excessive wind.
(ÛÙØ§Ø¤Úº Ú©Û Ø¬Ú¾Ú©ÙÚ Ø³Û Ø§ÙÚ©Ú¾Ú Ø¬Ø§ÙÛ ÙØ§ÙÛ Ù¾ÛÚ)