Bay: A sea surrounded with land on three sides. (Ø®ÙÛØ¬) E.g., Bay of Bengal.
Cape: The tip of the conical landmass that is surrounded by sea on most sides. (Ø±Ø§Ø³). E.g., Cape Comorin, Cape of Good Hope.
Coral Reef: A coral reef is a long narrow mass of coral and other substances, the top of which is usually just above or just below the surface of the sea. (Ù
ÙÙÚ¯Û Ú©Û ÚÙ¹Ø§ÙØ Ø³Ø§ØÙÛ Ù
Cyclone: A violent rotating storm which pelts immense amount of rain. Usually it has wind speed exceeding 40 miles an hour. (Ú¯Ø±Ø¯Ø¨Ø§Ø±Ø Ø³Ø§Ø¦Ú©ÙÙÙØØ³Ù
Delta: The triangular piece of land covered by a river which splits into several streams before entering the sea.
(Ù Ø«ÙØ« ÙÙ Ø§ Ø²Ù ÛÙ Ø¬Ù Ú©Ø³Û Ø¯Ø±ÛØ§ Ú©Û Ø¯ÛØ§ÙÛ Ù¾Ø± Ø¨Ù Ø¬Ø§ØªÛ ÛÛ)
Fishing port: Port used by only boats and ships engaged in fishing. (Ù Ø§ÛÛ Ú¯ÛØ±Û Ø§ÚÛ)
Harbour: Yard at the ports where ships anchor themselves.
(Ø¬ÛØ§Ø²ÙÚº Ú©Û ÙØ±Ø§Ø±Ú¯Ø§Û)
Isthmus: Narrow strip of land that connects two landmasses and separates two seas. (Ø®Ø§Ú©ÙØ§Ø¦Û) e.g.,
Lagoon: Coastal lake. (Ø³Ø§ØÙÛ Ø¬Ú¾ÛÙ)
Mangrove: Thick bushes that grow on swamps along the sea coast forming a network of branches. The mangroves are an effective cushion against tidal destruction. (ÚÙ
Monsoon: The oceanic winds that rise from the southern seas and bring rain to the South Asian and Southeast Asia.
(Ù Ø§ÙØ³ÙÙØ ÛÙØ§Ø¦ÛÚº Ø¬Ù Ø¬ÙÙØ¨Û Ø³Ù ÙØ¯Ø±ÙÚº Ø³Û Ø¨Ø§Ø±Ø´ ÙØ§ØªÛ ÛÛÚº)
Moorage: A place for mooring ships and charges for the same. (ÙÙÚ¯Ø± Ú¯Ø§Û)
Oceanography: Study of oceans. (Ø¨ØØ±ÛØ§Øª)
Oceanarium: Enclosure for breeding sea animals. (Ù Ø§ÛÛ Ø®Ø§ÙÛ)
Peninsula: Triangular landmass that protrudes into the sea. (Ø¬Ø²ÛØ±Û ÙÙ Ø§). (e.g., South Indian peninsula)
Shore: The land along the sea. Also called coast. (Ø³Ø§ØÙ)
Seafaring: Travel through the sea. (Ø¨ØØ±Û Ø³ÙØ±)
Seaman: Member of a ship crew. (Ø¬ÛØ§Ø²Ø±Ø§Úº)
Seaworthy: Capable of sea travel (Ø¨ØØ±Û Ø³ÙØ± Ú©Û ÙØ¦Û Ù ÙØ²ÙÚº).
Strait: Narrow strip of sea that separates two large landmasses and connects two seas. E.g., Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka, or Strait of Malacca between Malaysia and island of Sumatara. (Ø¢Ø¨ÙØ§Ø¦Û)
Tide and Ebb: Rise and fall of sea waves synchronizing with phases of moon. (Ø¬ÙØ§Ø± Ø¨Ú¾Ø§Ù¹Ø§ØÙ Ø¯Ù Ø¬Ø²Ø±)
Trade winds: Sea winds that blow towards the equator and were considered favourable for ships with merchandise. (ØªØ¬Ø§Ø±ØªÛ ÛÙØ§Ø¦ÛÚº)
Tsunami: High oceanic tides caused by quake or volcanic activity under the sea which can cause destruction on the coastal areas. (Ø³Ù ÙØ¯Ø± Ù ÛÚº Ø§Ù¹Ú¾ÙÛ ÙØ§ÙÛ Ø·ÙÙØ§ÙÛ ÙÛØ± Ø¬Ù Ø²ÛØ± Ø¢Ø¨ Ø²ÙØ²ÙÛ Ú©Û ÙØ¬Û Ø³Û Ø§Ù¹Ú¾Û ÛÙØØ³ÙØ§Ù Û Ø§ÛÚ© Ø¬Ø§Ù¾Ø§ÙÛ ÙÙØ¸ ÛÛ)
Whirlpool: Circulation of water into the shape of a trough in seas. (Ú¯Ø±Ø¯Ø§Ø¨ØØ¨Ú¾ÙÙØ±)