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Terms Related with Writing Works (تحریر و تصنیف سے متعلق اصطلاحات)

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Assignment: A piece of writing that a writer has been assigned to write by an editor or publisher for a pre-determined fee.  (تفویض شدہ تحریری کام)

 Ballad: A narrative folksong, usually created by common people and passed on orally. (رومانوی، جذباتی گیت)

 Book Review: A summary of a book, including its critique. (تبصرۂ کتب)

 Copyediting: Checking for errors in spelling, grammar, punctuation and word usage. (اِدارت)

 CV:  Curriculum Vitae – a short one page resume. (تعلیم و تجربہ کا مختصر احوال)

 Draft: A completed version of a writing which may be rewritten, revised, or polished. (تحریری مسوّدہ کا ابتدائی خاکہ)

 Dummy: Hand drawn mock-up of what a page will look like in print.(طباعت سے قبل مطبوعہ مسوّدہ کی نقل)

Elegy: A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation.(مرثیہ)

Genre: The type or category of writing ““ like mystery, science fiction, romance, fantasy, etc. (صنفِ ادب و تحریر)

Ghostwriter: A writer who is paid to write for someone else. A ghostwriter does not get a byline or any credit. Usually celebrities hire ghostwriters and then sell the book under their own names. (کرایہ کا مصنف)

Hardcover: Book bound with hard cardboard cover, then covered with a paper dust jacket.(مجلد کتاب)

Manuscript: Author’s copy of a novel, non-fiction writing, article, or screenplay. (دستی تحریر)

Obituary: News of death especially in a newspaper. (وفات کی اطلاع، تعزیت نامہ)

Overview: A brief description of a novel or non-fiction book intended to introduce the work to a publisher.(عمومی جائزہ)

Ode: A lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style. (جذباتی نظم)

 Paradox: A statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense. E.g. “The Child is Father of the Man”(Wordsworth Quote). (بظاہر مہمل بات مگر حقیقت)

Parody: A humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work. (مزاحیہ نقّالی)

 Plagiarism: Presenting another author’s works or words as your own. (تحریری سرقہ)

 Pseudonym: An alias used by a writer desiring not to use his or her real name. Also known as “pen name”. (تخلّص، مثال کے طور پر،اُردو شاعر مرزا اسد اللہ خان، غالب تخلص رکھتے تھے)

 Quatrain: A four-line stanza. Quatrains are the most common stanzaic form in the English language, having various meters and rhyme schemes. (رباعی)

 Royalties: A percentage of the cover price of a book paid to the author. Royalties are only paid after the book has earned out and are usually paid on a monthly or quarterly basis. (کتب کا حقِ تصنیف)

 Simile: Comparing two different things using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. For example ““ The water was cold as ice. (تمثیل)

 Synopsis: Brief summary of a story, manuscript, or book, told in present tense prose which is usually two to three paragraphs in length. (تحقیقی مطالعہ کا اِبتداعی خاکہ).

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