God created man as the best creation in good shape. Allah Ta’ala has sent some people to the world with some defects at birth. On the other hand, after birth, some people suffer from an accident or some physical problems which we commonly refer to as disability. But in reality, have we thought that there is any purpose or mystery of God behind their creation? Some reasons can be easily guessed such as: The servant may know about the omnipotence of Allah Almighty that He is powerful in all things. Allah, the great craftsman, can create natural beauty, but also to create exceptions. Another concern is that whoever Allah has kept safe from such disabilities should remember Allah’s mercy and compassion towards him. Then he expressed his gratitude to Allah because if Allah had willed, He could have done the same for him. Therefore, it can be said that a disabled person can achieve great success in the Hereafter by being satisfied with Allah’s judgment.
Men and women, weak or strong, disabled, or healthy are all equal to God as human beings. Because there is no superiority over each other. Allah Ta’ala has set the standard of excellence only in piety of Allah. He declared in the Holy Qur’an, ‘Oh humanity! Indeed, We created you from a male and a female, and made you into peoples and tribes so that you may get to know one another. Surely the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous among you. Allah is truly All-Knowing, All-Aware.’ [Surah Hujurat: Verse 13]. To Him, one crippled muttaqi believer is better than hundreds of healthy infidel apostates. Disabled people are an integral part of human society. They are even our family members. Islam has given importance to the rights and just dues of disabled people like other members of society, family, or state. Persons with disabilities have the right to have their basic needs met, and to live a normal and dignified life.
A disabled person is God’s creation no matter what. According to the guidance of Islam, it is a duty to treat the disabled, help them, and give them priority. It is the demand of humanity and the duty of faith to stand by the disabled in their danger. The important point is that in the eyes of Islam, it is forbidden to misbehave with the disabled, or the helpless or make fun of them. Because it insults God’s creation. It is the duty of Muslims to show kindness, care, facilities, and help to the disabled. As human beings have the right to live, they also deserve the minimum basic rights. Allah Ta’ala says, ‘And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.’ [Surah Zariah: Verse 19]
Nabi Karim (SAW) always loved disabled people very much. He (SAW) gave special importance to them. A unique example of this can be found in an incident: Prophet (SAW) blessed the blind Companion (Sahabi) Abdullah Ibn Umm Maktoum (R.A.) with immense love. Whenever he saw him, he would say, “Welcome to him about whom my Lord rebuked me. Narrated by Hazrat Anas (R.A.), Nabi Karim (SAW) appointed his blind companion twice as the temporary ruler of Madinah [MusnadAhmad;Hadith. No. 13000]. So, it can be said that this is a rare event in the history of the world. Prophet (SAW), If he went anywhere outside Madinah, he would replace him. For this reason, it is the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW) to love the disabled and treat them well.
Our Prophet’s companions were all the world-famous companions. Why did he appoint a visually impaired Companion as the ruler of Madinah not once but twice, even though there were Companions who were tested in all aspects of running the state, managing the society, establishing justice, and facing the enemy? Even today, a thousand and a half years later, those words evoke thoughts. It is undeniable that the thinking spirit, leadership qualities, and far vision of the Prophet are not comparable to any people in the world. He was unique in one word. There was no place for nepotism in the Prophet’s whole life. It cannot be said that he preferred only the able-bodied because this blind companion is a shining example of this.