Braille: System of writing with embossed dots formed by using a Braille cell, a combination of six dots consisting of two vertical columns of three dots each. Each simple Braille character is formed by one or more of these dots and occupies a full cell or space. Some Braille may use eight dots.
(ÙØ§Ø¨ÛÙØ§ Ø§ÙØ±Ø§Ø¯ Ú©Û ÙÛÛ Ø§ÙØ¨Ú¾Ø±Û ÛÙØ¦Û ÙÙØ·ÙÚº Ø³Û ÙÚ©Ú¾Û ØªØØ±ÛØ±)
Crutches: (Singular is crutch, but mostly used plural). A stick with a piece that fits under the arm, that you lean on for support if you havedifficulty in walking because of a foot or leg injury.
Dumb: Permanently unable to speak. This word is now usually considered offensive. The more usual word is speech impaired.
Sign Language: Sign languages are not universal. They differ from country to country. The gestures or symbols in sign language are organized in a linguistic way. Each individual gesture is called a sign. (Ø§ÙØ´Ø§Ø±Ø§ØªÛ Ø²Ø¨Ø§Ù)
Dyslexia: A condition in the brain that makes it hard for a person to read, write, and spelling.
(Ù¾ÚÚ¾ÙÛ Ú©Û Ø§ÛÙÛØª Ù ÛÚº Ú©Ù Û)
Lame: Used for describing someone who is disabled because their leg or foot is damaged. This word is now considered offensive.
(Ù¾ÛØ±ÙÚº Ø³Û Ù Ø¹Ø°ÙØ±)
Paralympics: An international sports event for people with disabilities that takes places every four years.
(Ù Ø¹Ø°ÙØ± Ú©Ú¾ÙØ§ÚÛÙÚº Ú©Û Ø¨ÛÙ Ø§ÙØ§ ÙÙØ§Ù Û Ú©Ú¾ÛÙ)
Wheelchair: A chair with large wheels that someone who cannot walk uses for moving around. (ÙÚ¾ÛÙ ÚÛØ±)
Quadriplegic: One affected with paralysis of both arms and both legs.
(ÚØ§Ø±ÙÚº ÛØ§ØªÚ¾ Ù¾Ø§Ø¤Úº Ú©Ø§ ÙØ§ÙØ¬)
Paraplegic: Complete paralysis of the lower half of the body including both legs, usually caused by damage to the spinal cord.
(Ú©Ù Ø± Ø³Û ÙÛÚÛ Ú©Ø§ ÙØ§ÙØ¬)
Autism: A condition or disorder that begins in childhood and that causes problems in forming relationships and in communicating with other people.
(Ú¯Ù ØµÙ Ø±ÛÙÛ Ú©Û Ú©ÛÙÛØª Ø¬Ù Ù¾ÛØ¯Ø§Ø¦Ø´ Ø³Û Ø¸Ø§ÛØ± ÛÙØªÛ ÛÛ)
Mentally Challenged: A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one more of an individual’s major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and thoseregarded as having such an impairment.
(Ø¯Ù Ø§ØºÛ Ù Ø¹Ø°ÙØ±)
Visually Challenged: One whose eyesight is severely affected to the extent of seeking external help to carry out daily chores. (ÙØ§Ø¨ÛÙØ§)