Refraining from Lying
“Maintain truthfulness, for truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Heaven. A man continues to maintain truthfulness until he is recorded in Allah’s book as truthful. Refrian from lying, because lying leads to blatant evil, and evil leads to the fire. A man continues to lie until he is recorded in Allah’s book as a liar,”
(Related by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood and Al-Tirmithi).
Certain virtues are highly valued in all socities. One of these is truthfulness. Islam recognises that other religions and communities attach great importance to such virtue. That, however, does not stop Islam from endorsing such virtues and laying strong emphasis on them. Indeed, the Prophet says: “I have been sent with my message in order to complement the best of virtues.” In this definition of his message, the Prophet emphasizes that virtues which are acceptable to common sense exist in all societies and are inevitably upheld by all communities. What Islam does is to complement and perfect them.
It is not surprising, therefore, that Islam stresses the great importance of those virtues which affect people’s behaviour and their standing in society. One of these is truthfulness. Islam views falsehood in any form as utterly repugnant. To tell a lie is something that is totally unacceptable to Islam. It can never be condoned in any situation where it can at all be avoided. The Prophet was once asked about various actions which Islam forbids and whether a believer may commit any of these. He said that a believer may be guilty of such forbidden things as theft, adultery and drinking intoxicants, but a believer cannot tell a lie. Telling a lie is against the very concept of faith.
We have often said that the Prophet made use of every occasion to stress certain points the importance of which he wanted to drive home to his followers. It is not surprising that we find in his guidance a large number of Hadiths which speak about the importance of being truthful and emphasize the absolute importance of refraining from lying. In the following Hadith, he depicts truthfulness and falsehood as opposite powers leading those who practise them in opposite directions. Abdullah Ibn Massoud quotes the prophet as saying: “Maintain truthfulness, for truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Heaven. A man continues to maintain truthfulness until he is recorded in Allah’s book as truthful. Refrain from lying, because lying leads to blatant evil, and evil leads to the fire. A man continues to lie until he is recorded in Allah’s book as a liar,” (related by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood and Al-Tirmithi).
Six aspects of truthfulness
We note how the Prophet describes each course of action as a graded one, leading from one stage to another. When a person maintains honesty and truthfulness, they become characteristics of all his actions and he is righteous. If he maintains that stage, then he is certain to be admitted into heaven. This seems to be an easy way. Indeed it is easy for a person of consistency who turns away from falsehood whenever it presents itself to him as tempting or beneficial. Scholars have identified six aspects of truthfulness which a Muslim must maintain. The first, refraining from telling any lies. Secondly, sincerity of intention which means that a person does not say something verbally when he has something different in mind. Thirdly, truthful resolve. This means that if he has intended to do something good, he strengthens his resolve to do it, especially when the chance to fulfil his intention presents itself. Fourthly, acting on what one has resolved. Fifthly, sincerity of action and finally sincerity of attitude. This means that if a person says that he relies on Allah, he actually means it and it is endorsed by his action. A person who combines all the six aspects of truthfulness is a thorough believer. Moreover, he is bound to be good, because truthfulness encourages every aspect of righteousness, and that leads to Heaven, as the Prophet (Pbuh) explains.
Earns the title of “truthful”
Moreover, when a person maintains truthfulness, this becomes a characteristic of him and he earns the title of “truthful” not merely among his fellow human beings but also with Allah. This is a verdict passed on him and publicized among angels and other creatures of Allah.
Conversely, falsehood leads to evil, since a liar thinks that he can cover up any evil action he commits with a lie. If he is successful once in this, he is encouraged to do it again. Thus, evil practices become a habit of his and every time he commits one of his practices he bears its burden. His evil actions are certain to weigh down heavily on him and he will find that Allah’s forgiveness is not forthcoming in his case.
What this means in actual fact is that every human being is on a journey which lasts throughout his life. He is either moving towards heaven or toward hell. Every deed he does is a step in his journey. He chooses his directions. When he dies he reaches the position towards which he has moved progressively. He is not admitted into Heaven or thrown in hell out of a sudden. In fact, he has earned neither position over the whole period of his life. This is what is meant by righteousness leading to heaven and evil leading to hell